KEGG   PATHWAY: map04972
Entry
map04972                    Pathway                                

Name
Pancreatic secretion
Description
The pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesize and secrete digestive enzymes. Stimulation of the cell by secretagogues such as acetylcholine (ACh) and cholecystokinin (CCK) causes the generation of an intracellular Ca2+ signal. This signal, in turn, triggers the fusion of the zymogen granules with the apical plasma membrane, leading to the polarised secretion of the enzymes. The major task of pancreatic duct cells is the secretion of fluid and bicarbonate ions (HCO3-), which neutralize the acidity of gastric contents that enter the duodenum. An increase in intracellular cAMP by secretin is one of the major signals of pancreatic HCO3- secretion. Activation of the CFTR Cl- channel and the CFTR-dependent Cl-/HCO3- exchange activities is responsible for cAMP-induced HCO3- secretion.
Class
Organismal Systems; Digestive system
Pathway map
map04972  Pancreatic secretion
map04972

Other DBs
GO: 0030157
Reference
  Authors
Petersen OH, Tepikin AV
  Title
Polarized calcium signaling in exocrine gland cells.
  Journal
Annu Rev Physiol 70:273-99 (2008)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.physiol.70.113006.100618
Reference
  Authors
Williams JA
  Title
Regulation of acinar cell function in the pancreas.
  Journal
Curr Opin Gastroenterol 26:478-83 (2010)
DOI:10.1097/MOG.0b013e32833d11c6
Reference
  Authors
Williams JA
  Title
Regulation of pancreatic acinar cell function.
  Journal
Curr Opin Gastroenterol 22:498-504 (2006)
DOI:10.1097/01.mog.0000239863.96833.c0
Reference
  Authors
Bi Y, Williams JA
  Title
Receptor biology and signal transduction in pancreatic acinar cells.
  Journal
Curr Opin Gastroenterol 20:427-34 (2004)
DOI:10.1097/00001574-200409000-00002
Reference
  Authors
Yamasaki M, Masgrau R, Morgan AJ, Churchill GC, Patel S, Ashcroft SJ, Galione A
  Title
Organelle selection determines agonist-specific Ca2+ signals in pancreatic acinar and beta cells.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 279:7234-40 (2004)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M311088200
Reference
PMID:9548666
  Authors
Kanno T
  Title
Ca2+ signaling in the pancreatic acinus.
  Journal
Pancreas 16:273-6 (1998)
Reference
  Authors
Heitzmann D, Warth R
  Title
Physiology and pathophysiology of potassium channels in gastrointestinal epithelia.
  Journal
Physiol Rev 88:1119-82 (2008)
DOI:10.1152/physrev.00020.2007
Reference
  Authors
Konturek SJ, Zabielski R, Konturek JW, Czarnecki J
  Title
Neuroendocrinology of the pancreas; role of brain-gut axis in pancreatic secretion.
  Journal
Eur J Pharmacol 481:1-14 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2003.08.042
Reference
  Authors
Chu JY, Yung WH, Chow BK
  Title
Secretin: a pleiotrophic hormone.
  Journal
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1070:27-50 (2006)
DOI:10.1196/annals.1317.013
Reference
  Authors
Siu FK, Lam IP, Chu JY, Chow BK
  Title
Signaling mechanisms of secretin receptor.
  Journal
Regul Pept 137:95-104 (2006)
DOI:10.1016/j.regpep.2006.02.011
Reference
  Authors
Steward MC, Ishiguro H, Case RM
  Title
Mechanisms of bicarbonate secretion in the pancreatic duct.
  Journal
Annu Rev Physiol 67:377-409 (2005)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.physiol.67.031103.153247
Reference
  Authors
Kim D, Steward MC
  Title
The role of CFTR in bicarbonate secretion by pancreatic duct and airway epithelia.
  Journal
J Med Invest 56 Suppl:336-42 (2009)
DOI:10.2152/jmi.56.336
Reference
  Authors
Whitcomb DC, Lowe ME
  Title
Human pancreatic digestive enzymes.
  Journal
Dig Dis Sci 52:1-17 (2007)
DOI:10.1007/s10620-006-9589-z
Reference
  Authors
Cancela JM, Gerasimenko OV, Gerasimenko JV, Tepikin AV, Petersen OH
  Title
Two different but converging messenger pathways to intracellular Ca(2+) release: the roles of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate, cyclic ADP-ribose and inositol trisphosphate.
  Journal
EMBO J 19:2549-57 (2000)
DOI:10.1093/emboj/19.11.2549
Reference
  Authors
Cancela JM, Churchill GC, Galione A
  Title
Coordination of agonist-induced Ca2+-signalling patterns by NAADP in pancreatic acinar cells.
  Journal
Nature 398:74-6 (1999)
DOI:10.1038/18032
Reference
  Authors
Parekh AB
  Title
Calcium signaling and acute pancreatitis: specific response to a promiscuous messenger.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:12933-4 (2000)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.97.24.12933
Reference
  Authors
Williams JA, Chen X, Sabbatini ME
  Title
Small G proteins as key regulators of pancreatic digestive enzyme secretion.
  Journal
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296:E405-14 (2009)
DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.90874.2008
Related
pathway
map04020  Calcium signaling pathway
map04530  Tight junction
map04973  Carbohydrate digestion and absorption
map04974  Protein digestion and absorption
map04975  Fat digestion and absorption
map04977  Vitamin digestion and absorption
KO pathway
ko04972   

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