KEGG    Metabolic pathways - Escherichia coli O104:H4 2009EL-2071 Help
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  • Category title

  • KEGG module
    • Carbohydrate metabolism 
      • Central carbohydrate metabolism 
        • M00001 Glycolysis (Embden-Meyerhof pathway), glucose => pyruvate
        • M00002 Glycolysis, core module involving three-carbon compounds
        • M00003 Gluconeogenesis, oxaloacetate => fructose-6P
        • M00307 Pyruvate oxidation, pyruvate => acetyl-CoA
        • M00009 Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
        • M00010 Citrate cycle, first carbon oxidation, oxaloacetate => 2-oxoglutarate
        • M00011 Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
        • M00004 Pentose phosphate pathway (Pentose phosphate cycle)
        • M00006 Pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phase, glucose 6P => ribulose 5P
        • M00007 Pentose phosphate pathway, non-oxidative phase, fructose 6P => ribose 5P
        • M00580 Pentose phosphate pathway, archaea, fructose 6P => ribose 5P
        • M00005 PRPP biosynthesis, ribose 5P => PRPP
        • M00008 Entner-Doudoroff pathway, glucose-6P => glyceraldehyde-3P + pyruvate
        • M00308 Semi-phosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway, gluconate => glycerate-3P
        • M00633 Semi-phosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway, gluconate/galactonate => glycerate-3P
        • M00309 Non-phosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway, gluconate/galactonate => glycerate
      • Other carbohydrate metabolism 
        • M00014 Glucuronate pathway (uronate pathway)
        • M00630 D-Galacturonate degradation (fungi), D-galacturonate => glycerol
        • M00631 D-Galacturonate degradation (bacteria), D-galacturonate => pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3P
        • M00061 D-Glucuronate degradation, D-glucuronate => pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3P
        • M00081 Pectin degradation
        • M00632 Galactose degradation, Leloir pathway, galactose => alpha-D-glucose-1P
        • M00552 D-galactonate degradation, De Ley-Doudoroff pathway, D-galactonate => glycerate-3P
        • M00129 Ascorbate biosynthesis, animals, glucose-1P => ascorbate
        • M00114 Ascorbate biosynthesis, plants, glucose-6P => ascorbate
        • M00550 Ascorbate degradation, ascorbate => D-xylulose-5P
        • M00854 Glycogen biosynthesis, glucose-1P => glycogen/starch
        • M00855 Glycogen degradation, glycogen => glucose-6P
        • M00565 Trehalose biosynthesis, D-glucose 1P => trehalose
        • M00549 Nucleotide sugar biosynthesis, glucose => UDP-glucose
        • M00554 Nucleotide sugar biosynthesis, galactose => UDP-galactose
        • M00761 Undecaprenylphosphate alpha-L-Ara4N biosynthesis, UDP-GlcA => undecaprenyl phosphate alpha-L-Ara4N
        • M00012 Glyoxylate cycle
        • M00532 Photorespiration
        • M00013 Malonate semialdehyde pathway, propanoyl-CoA => acetyl-CoA
        • M00741 Propanoyl-CoA metabolism, propanoyl-CoA => succinyl-CoA
        • M00130 Inositol phosphate metabolism, PI=> PIP2 => Ins(1,4,5)P3 => Ins(1,3,4,5)P4
        • M00131 Inositol phosphate metabolism, Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 => Ins(1,3,4)P3 => myo-inositol
        • M00132 Inositol phosphate metabolism, Ins(1,3,4)P3 => phytate
    • Energy metabolism 
      • Carbon fixation 
        • M00165 Reductive pentose phosphate cycle (Calvin cycle)
        • M00166 Reductive pentose phosphate cycle, ribulose-5P => glyceraldehyde-3P
        • M00167 Reductive pentose phosphate cycle, glyceraldehyde-3P => ribulose-5P
        • M00168 CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), dark
        • M00169 CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), light
        • M00172 C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NADP - malic enzyme type
        • M00171 C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
        • M00170 C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase type
        • M00173 Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
        • M00579 Phosphate acetyltransferase-acetate kinase pathway, acetyl-CoA => acetate
      • Methane metabolism 
        • M00567 Methanogenesis, CO2 => methane
        • M00174 Methane oxidation, methanotroph, methane => formaldehyde
      • Nitrogen metabolism 
        • M00175 Nitrogen fixation, nitrogen => ammonia
      • Sulfur metabolism 
        • M00176 Assimilatory sulfate reduction, sulfate => H2S
        • M00596 Dissimilatory sulfate reduction, sulfate => H2S
        • M00595 Thiosulfate oxidation by SOX complex, thiosulfate => sulfate
    • Lipid metabolism 
      • Fatty acid biosynthesis and degradation 
        • M00082 Fatty acid biosynthesis, initiation
        • M00083 Fatty acid biosynthesis, elongation
        • M00085 Fatty acid biosynthesis, elongation, mitochondria
        • M00415 Fatty acid biosynthesis, elongation, endoplasmic reticulum
        • M00086 beta-Oxidation, acyl-CoA synthesis
        • M00087 beta-Oxidation
      • Sterol biosynthesis 
        • M00101 Cholesterol biosynthesis, squalene 2,3-epoxide => cholesterol
        • M00102 Ergocalciferol biosynthesis
        • M00103 Cholecalciferol biosynthesis
        • M00104 Bile acid biosynthesis, cholesterol => cholate/chenodeoxycholate
        • M00106 Conjugated bile acid biosynthesis, cholate => taurocholate/glycocholate
        • M00862 beta-Oxidation, peroxisome, tri/dihydroxycholestanoyl-CoA => choloyl/chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA
        • M00107 Steroid hormone biosynthesis, cholesterol => prognenolone => progesterone
        • M00108 C21-Steroid hormone biosynthesis, progesterone => corticosterone/aldosterone
        • M00109 C21-Steroid hormone biosynthesis, progesterone => cortisol/cortisone
        • M00110 C19/C18-Steroid hormone biosynthesis, pregnenolone => androstenedione => estrone
      • Lipid metabolism 
        • M00088 Ketone body biosynthesis, acetyl-CoA => acetoacetate/3-hydroxybutyrate/acetone
        • M00089 Triacylglycerol biosynthesis
        • M00098 Acylglycerol degradation
        • M00090 Phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis, choline => PC
        • M00091 Phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis, PE => PC
        • M00092 Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) biosynthesis, ethanolamine => PE
        • M00093 Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) biosynthesis, PA => PS => PE
        • M00094 Ceramide biosynthesis
        • M00066 Lactosylceramide biosynthesis
        • M00067 Sulfoglycolipids biosynthesis, ceramide/1-alkyl-2-acylglycerol => sulfatide/seminolipid
        • M00099 Sphingosine biosynthesis
        • M00100 Sphingosine degradation
        • M00113 Jasmonic acid biosynthesis
    • Nucleotide metabolism 
      • Purine metabolism 
        • M00048 Inosine monophosphate biosynthesis, PRPP + glutamine => IMP
        • M00049 Adenine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, IMP => ADP,ATP
        • M00050 Guanine ribonucleotide biosynthesis IMP => GDP,GTP
        • M00546 Purine degradation, xanthine => urea
      • Pyrimidine metabolism 
        • M00051 Uridine monophosphate biosynthesis, glutamine (+ PRPP) => UMP
        • M00052 Pyrimidine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, UMP => UDP/UTP,CDP/CTP
        • M00053 Pyrimidine deoxyribonuleotide biosynthesis, CDP/CTP => dCDP/dCTP,dTDP/dTTP
        • M00046 Pyrimidine degradation, uracil => beta-alanine, thymine => 3-aminoisobutanoate
    • Amino acid metabolism 
      • Serine and threonine metabolism 
        • M00020 Serine biosynthesis, glycerate-3P => serine
        • M00018 Threonine biosynthesis, aspartate => homoserine => threonine
        • M00555 Betaine biosynthesis, choline => betaine
        • M00033 Ectoine biosynthesis, aspartate => ectoine
      • Cysteine and methionine metabolism 
        • M00021 Cysteine biosynthesis, serine => cysteine
        • M00338 Cysteine biosynthesis, homocysteine + serine => cysteine
        • M00609 Cysteine biosynthesis, methionine => cysteine
        • M00017 Methionine biosynthesis, apartate => homoserine => methionine
        • M00034 Methionine salvage pathway
        • M00035 Methionine degradation
      • Branched-chain amino acid metabolism 
        • M00019 Valine/isoleucine biosynthesis, pyruvate => valine / 2-oxobutanoate => isoleucine
        • M00535 Isoleucine biosynthesis, pyruvate => 2-oxobutanoate
        • M00570 Isoleucine biosynthesis, threonine => 2-oxobutanoate => isoleucine
        • M00432 Leucine biosynthesis, 2-oxoisovalerate => 2-oxoisocaproate
        • M00036 Leucine degradation, leucine => acetoacetate + acetyl-CoA
      • Lysine metabolism 
        • M00016 Lysine biosynthesis, succinyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
        • M00525 Lysine biosynthesis, acetyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
        • M00526 Lysine biosynthesis, DAP dehydrogenase pathway, aspartate => lysine
        • M00030 Lysine biosynthesis, AAA pathway, 2-oxoglutarate => 2-aminoadipate => lysine
        • M00433 Lysine biosynthesis, 2-oxoglutarate => 2-oxoadipate
        • M00031 Lysine biosynthesis, mediated by LysW, 2-aminoadipate => lysine
        • M00032 Lysine degradation, lysine => saccharopine => acetoacetyl-CoA
      • Arginine and proline metabolism 
        • M00028 Ornithine biosynthesis, glutamate => ornithine
        • M00763 Ornithine biosynthesis, mediated by LysW, glutamate => ornithine
        • M00844 Arginine biosynthesis, ornithine => arginine
        • M00845 Arginine biosynthesis, glutamate => acetylcitrulline => arginine
        • M00029 Urea cycle
        • M00015 Proline biosynthesis, glutamate => proline
        • M00047 Creatine pathway
      • Polyamine biosynthesis 
        • M00133 Polyamine biosynthesis, arginine => agmatine => putrescine => spermidine
        • M00134 Polyamine biosynthesis, arginine => ornithine => putrescine
        • M00135 GABA biosynthesis, eukaryotes, putrescine => GABA
        • M00136 GABA biosynthesis, prokaryotes, putrescine => GABA
      • Histidine metabolism 
        • M00026 Histidine biosynthesis, PRPP => histidine
        • M00045 Histidine degradation, histidine => N-formiminoglutamate => glutamate
      • Aromatic amino acid metabolism 
        • M00022 Shikimate pathway, phosphoenolpyruvate + erythrose-4P => chorismate
        • M00023 Tryptophan biosynthesis, chorismate => tryptophan
        • M00024 Phenylalanine biosynthesis, chorismate => phenylalanine
        • M00025 Tyrosine biosynthesis, chorismate => tyrosine
        • M00040 Tyrosine biosynthesis, prephanate => pretyrosine => tyrosine
        • M00042 Catecholamine biosynthesis, tyrosine => dopamine => noradrenaline => adrenaline
        • M00043 Thyroid hormone biosynthesis, tyrosine => triiodothyronine/thyroxine
        • M00044 Tyrosine degradation, tyrosine => homogentisate
        • M00037 Melatonin biosynthesis, tryptophan => serotonin => melatonin
        • M00038 Tryptophan metabolism, tryptophan => kynurenine => 2-aminomuconate
      • Other amino acid metabolism 
        • M00027 GABA (gamma-Aminobutyrate) shunt
        • M00118 Glutathione biosynthesis, glutamate => glutathione
    • Glycan metabolism 
      • Glycan biosynthesis 
        • M00055 N-glycan precursor biosynthesis
        • M00072 N-glycosylation by oligosaccharyltransferase
        • M00073 N-glycan precursor trimming
        • M00074 N-glycan biosynthesis, high-mannose type
        • M00075 N-glycan biosynthesis, complex type
        • M00056 O-glycan biosynthesis, mucin type core
        • M00065 GPI-anchor biosynthesis, core oligosaccharide
        • M00070 Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, lacto-series, LacCer => Lc4Cer
        • M00071 Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, neolacto-series, LacCer => nLc4Cer
        • M00068 Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, globo-series, LacCer => Gb4Cer
        • M00069 Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, ganglio series, LacCer => GT3
      • Glycosaminoglycan metabolism 
        • M00057 Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis, linkage tetrasaccharide
        • M00058 Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis, chondroitin sulfate backbone
        • M00059 Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis, heparan sulfate backbone
        • M00076 Dermatan sulfate degradation
        • M00077 Chondroitin sulfate degradation
        • M00078 Heparan sulfate degradation
        • M00079 Keratan sulfate degradation
      • Lipopolysaccharide metabolism 
        • M00060 KDO2-lipid A biosynthesis, Raetz pathway, LpxL-LpxM type
        • M00063 CMP-KDO biosynthesis
        • M00064 ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis
    • Metabolism of cofactors and vitamins 
      • Cofactor and vitamin metabolism 
        • M00127 Thiamine biosynthesis, AIR => thiamine-P/thiamine-2P
        • M00125 Riboflavin biosynthesis, GTP => riboflavin/FMN/FAD
        • M00124 Pyridoxal biosynthesis, erythrose-4P => pyridoxal-5P
        • M00115 NAD biosynthesis, aspartate => NAD
        • M00119 Pantothenate biosynthesis, valine/L-aspartate => pantothenate
        • M00120 Coenzyme A biosynthesis, pantothenate => CoA
        • M00572 Pimeloyl-ACP biosynthesis, BioC-BioH pathway, malonyl-ACP => pimeloyl-ACP
        • M00123 Biotin biosynthesis, pimeloyl-ACP/CoA => biotin
        • M00573 Biotin biosynthesis, BioI pathway, long-chain-acyl-ACP => pimeloyl-ACP => biotin
        • M00577 Biotin biosynthesis, BioW pathway, pimelate => pimeloyl-CoA => biotin
        • M00126 Tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, GTP => THF
        • M00840 Tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, mediated by ribA and trpF, GTP => THF
        • M00841 Tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, mediated by PTPS, GTP => THF
        • M00842 Tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis, GTP => BH4
        • M00843 L-threo-Tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis, GTP => L-threo-BH4
        • M00140 C1-unit interconversion, prokaryotes
        • M00141 C1-unit interconversion, eukaryotes
        • M00868 Heme biosynthesis, animals and fungi, glycine => heme
        • M00121 Heme biosynthesis, plants and bacteria, glutamate => heme
        • M00846 Siroheme biosynthesis, glutamate => siroheme
        • M00122 Cobalamin biosynthesis, cobinamide => cobalamin
        • M00117 Ubiquinone biosynthesis, prokaryotes, chorismate => ubiquinone
        • M00128 Ubiquinone biosynthesis, eukaryotes, 4-hydroxybenzoate => ubiquinone
        • M00116 Menaquinone biosynthesis, chorismate => menaquinol
        • M00112 Tocopherol/tocotorienol biosynthesis
    • Biosynthesis of terpenoids and polyketides 
      • Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis 
        • M00095 C5 isoprenoid biosynthesis, mevalonate pathway
        • M00096 C5 isoprenoid biosynthesis, non-mevalonate pathway
        • M00364 C10-C20 isoprenoid biosynthesis, bacteria
        • M00365 C10-C20 isoprenoid biosynthesis, archaea
        • M00366 C10-C20 isoprenoid biosynthesis, plants
        • M00367 C10-C20 isoprenoid biosynthesis, non-plant eukaryotes
      • Other terpenoid biosynthesis 
        • M00097 beta-Carotene biosynthesis, GGAP => beta-carotene
        • M00372 Abscisic acid biosynthesis, beta-carotene => abscisic acid
    • Biosynthesis of other secondary metabolites 
      • Biosynthesis of other secondary metabolites 
        • M00039 Monolignol biosynthesis, phenylalanine/tyrosine => monolignol
        • M00137 Flavanone biosynthesis, phenylalanine => naringenin
        • M00138 Flavonoid biosynthesis, naringenin => pelargonidin
        • M00661 Paspaline biosynthesis, geranylgeranyl-PP + indoleglycerol phosphate => paspaline
    • Xenobiotics biodegradation 
      • Aromatics degradation 
        • M00537 Xylene degradation, xylene => methylbenzoate
        • M00551 Benzoate degradation, benzoate => catechol / methylbenzoate => methylcatechol
        • M00568 Catechol ortho-cleavage, catechol => 3-oxoadipate
        • M00569 Catechol meta-cleavage, catechol => acetyl-CoA / 4-methylcatechol => propanoyl-CoA
        • M00544 Carbazole degradation, carbazole => 2-oxopent-4-enoate + anthranilate
        • M00418 Toluene degradation, anaerobic, toluene => benzoyl-CoA
        • M00541 Benzoyl-CoA degradation, benzoyl-CoA => 3-hydroxypimeloyl-CoA
        • M00534 Naphthalene degradation, naphthalene => salicylate
        • M00624 Terephthalate degradation, terephthalate => 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate
        • M00623 Phthalate degradation, phthalate => protocatechuate