KEGG   COMPOUND: C00025Help
Entry
C00025                      Compound                               

Name
L-Glutamate;
L-Glutamic acid;
L-Glutaminic acid;
Glutamate
Formula
C5H9NO4
Exact mass
147.0532
Mol weight
147.1293
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB searchJmolKegDraw
Remark
Same as: 
Reaction
R00021 R00093 R00114 R00239 R00241 R00243 R00245 R00248
R00250 R00251 R00253 R00254 R00256 R00257 R00258 R00259
R00260 R00261 R00262 R00263 R00355 R00372 R00411 R00457
R00494 R00525 R00573 R00575 R00578 R00609 R00667 R00668
R00684 R00694 R00707 R00708 R00734 R00768 R00894 R00895
R00908 R00942 R00986 R01072 R01090 R01155 R01161 R01214
R01231 R01339 R01585 R01586 R01648 R01654 R01684 R01716
R01939 R01956 R02040 R02077 R02199 R02237 R02274 R02282
R02283 R02285 R02287 R02313 R02315 R02433 R02619 R02700
R02772 R02773 R02929 R02930 R03053 R03120 R03189 R03207
 » show all
Pathway
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
Arginine and proline metabolism
Carbapenem biosynthesis
Histidine metabolism
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
Glutathione metabolism
Butirosin and neomycin biosynthesis
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
Butanoate metabolism
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
Nitrogen metabolism
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
Metabolic pathways
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
Biosynthesis of amino acids
ABC transporters
Two-component system
FoxO signaling pathway
Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
Gap junction
Circadian entrainment
Long-term potentiation
Synaptic vesicle cycle
Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling
Glutamatergic synapse
GABAergic synapse
Long-term depression
Taste transduction
Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation
Protein digestion and absorption
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Huntington's disease
Cocaine addiction
Amphetamine addiction
Nicotine addiction
Alcoholism
Module
M00015  
Proline biosynthesis, glutamate => proline
M00027  
GABA (gamma-Aminobutyrate) shunt
M00028  
Ornithine biosynthesis, glutamate => ornithine
M00045  
Histidine degradation, histidine => N-formiminoglutamate => glutamate
M00118  
Glutathione biosynthesis, glutamate => glutathione
M00121  
Heme biosynthesis, glutamate => protoheme/siroheme
M00532  
Photorespiration
Enzyme
1.2.1.88        1.4.1.2         1.4.1.3         1.4.1.4         
1.4.1.13        1.4.1.14        1.4.3.11        1.4.7.1         
1.5.1.9         1.5.1.10        1.5.3.18        1.5.99.5        
2.1.1.21        2.1.2.5         2.3.1.1         2.3.1.14        
2.3.1.35        2.3.2.2         2.3.2.-         2.4.2.14        
2.4.2.-         2.6.1.1         2.6.1.2         2.6.1.3         
2.6.1.4         2.6.1.5         2.6.1.6         2.6.1.7         
2.6.1.8         2.6.1.9         2.6.1.11        2.6.1.13        
2.6.1.16        2.6.1.17        2.6.1.19        2.6.1.22        
2.6.1.23        2.6.1.24        2.6.1.26        2.6.1.27        
2.6.1.29        2.6.1.33        2.6.1.34        2.6.1.36        
2.6.1.38        2.6.1.39        2.6.1.40        2.6.1.42        
2.6.1.44        2.6.1.48        2.6.1.49        2.6.1.52        
2.6.1.55        2.6.1.57        2.6.1.59        2.6.1.65        
2.6.1.67        2.6.1.68        2.6.1.72        2.6.1.75        
2.6.1.76        2.6.1.79        2.6.1.80        2.6.1.81        
2.6.1.82        2.6.1.83        2.6.1.85        2.6.1.86        
2.6.1.87        2.6.1.89        2.6.1.90        2.6.1.92        
2.6.1.93        2.6.1.94        2.6.1.95        2.6.1.98        
2.6.1.102       2.6.1.103       2.6.1.104       2.6.1.-         
2.7.2.11        2.7.2.13        3.4.17.21       3.4.19.9        
3.4.19.13       3.4.19.14       3.5.1.2         3.5.1.38        
3.5.1.55        3.5.1.65        3.5.1.68        3.5.1.87        
3.5.1.94        3.5.1.96        3.5.2.9         3.5.3.8         
4.1.1.15        4.1.3.27        4.1.3.-         4.3.3.6         
5.1.1.3         5.4.3.9         5.4.99.1        6.1.1.17        
6.1.1.24        6.2.1.39        6.3.1.2         6.3.1.6         
6.3.1.11        6.3.1.17        6.3.1.18        6.3.2.2         
6.3.2.12        6.3.2.17        6.3.2.18        6.3.2.31        
6.3.2.32        6.3.2.33        6.3.2.34        6.3.2.41        
6.3.2.42        6.3.4.2         6.3.4.12        6.3.5.1         
6.3.5.2         6.3.5.3         6.3.5.4         6.3.5.5         
6.3.5.6         6.3.5.7         6.3.5.9         6.3.5.10        
6.3.5.11        6.3.5.-
 » show all
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Peptides
  Amino acids
   Common amino acids
    C00025  Glutamic acid (Glu)
 Hormones and transmitters
  Neurotransmitters
   Amino acids
    C00025  Glutamate
Risk category of Japanese OTC drugs [BR:br08312]
 Third-class OTC drugs
  Inorganic and organic chemicals
   Glutamic acid
    D00007  L-Glutamic acid (JP16); Gulutamine (USP)
Pharmaceutical additives [BR:br08316]
 Buffering agent
  D00007  [003613] L-Glutamic acid
 Flavoring substance
  D00007  [003613] L-Glutamic acid
Drugs listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia [BR:br08311]
 Chemicals
  D00007  L-Glutamic acid
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 
56-86-0
PubChem: 
ChEBI: 
KNApSAcK: 
PDB-CCD: 
3DMET: 
NIKKAJI: 
KCF data Show

ATOM        10
            1   C1c C    23.8372  -17.4608
            2   C1b C    25.0252  -16.7233
            3   C6a C    22.6023  -16.7994
            4   N1a N    23.8781  -18.8595
            5   C1b C    26.2601  -17.3788
            6   O6a O    21.4434  -17.5954
            7   O6a O    22.6198  -15.4007
            8   C6a C    27.4482  -16.6414
            9   O6a O    28.6830  -17.3028
            10  O6a O    27.4714  -15.2426
BOND        9
            1     1   2 1
            2     1   3 1
            3     1   4 1 #Down
            4     2   5 1
            5     3   6 1
            6     3   7 2
            7     5   8 1
            8     8   9 1
            9     8  10 2

» Japanese version

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