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Entry
map00906                    Pathway                                

Name
Carotenoid biosynthesis
Class
Metabolism; Metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Carotenoid biosynthesis
map00906

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00097  
beta-Carotene biosynthesis, GGAP => beta-carotene [PATH:map00906]
M00372  
Abscisic acid biosynthesis, beta-carotene => abscisic acid [PATH:map00906]
Other DBs
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Reference
  Authors
Takaichi S, Mimuro M, Tomita Y.
  Title
[Karotenoido-sono Tayousei to Seirikattsei] (In Japanese)
  Journal
SHOKABO:109-156 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Fukuda H, Matida Y, Kamiya Y, Kakimoto T.
  Title
[Shinpan Syokubutuhorumon no Sigunarudentatu] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Syujyunsya:165-186 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Takaichi S.
  Title
Distribution and biosynthesis of carotenoids in plants and photosynthetic bacteria.
  Journal
Foods and Food Ingredients Journal of Japan 212-7:524-531 (2007)
Reference
PMID:11804826 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Seo M, Koshiba T.
  Title
Complex regulation of ABA biosynthesis in plants.
  Journal
Trends Plant Sci 7:41-8 (2002)
Reference
PMID:17085635 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Cunningham FX Jr, Lee H, Gantt E.
  Title
Carotenoid biosynthesis in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae.
  Journal
Eukaryot Cell 6:533-45 (2007)
Reference
PMID:9914519 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Bartley GE, Scolnik PA, Beyer P.
  Title
Two Arabidopsis thaliana carotene desaturases, phytoene desaturase and zeta-carotene desaturase, expressed in Escherichia coli, catalyze a poly-cis pathway to yield pro-lycopene.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 259:396-403 (1999)
Reference
PMID:11884677 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Park H, Kreunen SS, Cuttriss AJ, DellaPenna D, Pogson BJ.
  Title
Identification of the carotenoid isomerase provides insight into carotenoid biosynthesis, prolamellar body formation, and photomorphogenesis.
  Journal
Plant Cell 14:321-32 (2002)
Reference
PMID:15557094 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Isaacson T, Ohad I, Beyer P, Hirschberg J.
  Title
Analysis in vitro of the enzyme CRTISO establishes a poly-cis-carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in plants.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 136:4246-55 (2004)
Reference
PMID:12782726 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Tian L, Magallanes-Lundback M, Musetti V, DellaPenna D.
  Title
Functional analysis of beta- and epsilon-ring carotenoid hydroxylases in Arabidopsis.
  Journal
Plant Cell 15:1320-32 (2003)
Reference
PMID:14709673 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Tian L, Musetti V, Kim J, Magallanes-Lundback M, DellaPenna D.
  Title
The Arabidopsis LUT1 locus encodes a member of the cytochrome p450 family that is required for carotenoid epsilon-ring hydroxylation activity.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:402-7 (2004)
Reference
PMID:7920703 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Bouvier F, Hugueney P, d'Harlingue A, Kuntz M, Camara B.
  Title
Xanthophyll biosynthesis in chromoplasts: isolation and molecular cloning of an enzyme catalyzing the conversion of 5,6-epoxycarotenoid into ketocarotenoid.
  Journal
Plant J 6:45-54 (1994)
Reference
PMID:9159947 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Schwartz SH, Leon-Kloosterziel KM, Koornneef M, Zeevaart JA.
  Title
Biochemical characterization of the aba2 and aba3 mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 114:161-6 (1997)
Reference
PMID:12114582 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Xu ZJ, Nakajima M, Suzuki Y, Yamaguchi I.
  Title
Cloning and characterization of the abscisic acid-specific glucosyltransferase gene from adzuki bean seedlings.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 129:1285-95 (2002)
Reference
PMID:9808729 (Plant-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Krochko JE, Abrams GD, Loewen MK, Abrams SR, Cutler AJ.
  Title
(+)-Abscisic acid 8'-hydroxylase is a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase
  Journal
Plant Physiol 118:849-60 (1998)
Reference
PMID:10851005 (Purple bacteria-canthaxanthin,spirilloxanthin pathway)
  Authors
Hannibal L, Lorquin J, D'Ortoli NA, Garcia N, Chaintreuil C, Masson-Boivin C, Dreyfus B, Giraud E.
  Title
Isolation and characterization of canthaxanthin biosynthesis genes from the photosynthetic bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:3850-3 (2000)
Reference
PMID:12664193 (Purple bacteria-Spheroidene,spirilloxanthin pathway)
  Authors
Pinta V, Ouchane S, Picaud M, Takaichi S, Astier C, Reiss-Husson F.
  Title
Characterization of unusual hydroxy- and ketocarotenoids in Rubrivivax gelatinosus: involvement of enzyme CrtF or CrtA.
  Journal
Arch Microbiol 179:354-62 (2003)
Reference
PMID:7721699 (Purple bacteria-Spheroidene pathway)
  Authors
Lang HP, Cogdell RJ, Takaichi S, Hunter CN.
  Title
Complete DNA sequence, specific Tn5 insertion map, and gene assignment of the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway of Rhodobacter sphaeroides.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 177:2064-73 (1995)
Reference
PMID:9636041 (Purple bacteria-Unusual spirilloxanthin pathway)
  Authors
Komori M, Ghosh R, Takaichi S, Hu Y, Mizoguchi T, Koyama Y, Kuki M.
  Title
A null lesion in the rhodopin 3,4-desaturase of Rhodospirillum rubrum unmasks a cryptic branch of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway.
  Journal
Biochemistry 37:8987-94 (1998)
Reference
(Purple bacteria-Spirilloxanthin pathway)
  Authors
  Title
  Journal
Reference
PMID:14044829 (Purple bacteria-Okenone )
  Authors
SCHMIDT K, LIAAENJENSEN S, SCHLEGEL HG.
  Title
[CAROTENOIDS IN THIORHODACEAE. I. OKENONEAS THE PRINCIPAL CAROTENOID IN CHROMATIUM OKENII PERTY.]
  Journal
Arch Mikrobiol 46:117-26 (1963)
Reference
PMID:4932469 (Purple bacteria-Rhodopinal )
  Authors
Schmidt K.
  Title
Carotenoids of purple nonsulfur bacteria. Composition and biosynthesis of the carotenoids of some strains of Rhodopseudomonas acidophila, Rhodospirillum tenue, and Rhodocyclus purpureus.
  Journal
Arch Mikrobiol 77:231-8 (1971)
Reference
PMID:2254247 (Erwinia uredovora-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Misawa N, Nakagawa M, Kobayashi K, Yamano S, Izawa Y, Nakamura K, Harashima K.
  Title
Elucidation of the Erwinia uredovora carotenoid biosynthetic pathway by functional analysis of gene products expressed in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 172:6704-12 (1990)
Reference
PMID:7588751 (Myxococcus xanthus-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Botella JA, Murillo FJ, Ruiz-Vazquez R.
  Title
A cluster of structural and regulatory genes for light-induced carotenogenesis in Myxococcus xanthus.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 233:238-48 (1995)
Reference
PMID:7592436 (Marine bacteria-Astaxanthin pathway)
  Authors
Misawa N, Satomi Y, Kondo K, Yokoyama A, Kajiwara S, Saito T, Ohtani T, Miki W.
  Title
Structure and functional analysis of a marine bacterial carotenoid biosynthesis gene cluster and astaxanthin biosynthetic pathway proposed at the gene level.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 177:6575-84 (1995)
Reference
PMID:16020541 (Heriobacteria-Diapocarotene pathway)
  Authors
Pelz A, Wieland KP, Putzbach K, Hentschel P, Albert K, Gotz F.
  Title
Structure and biosynthesis of staphyloxanthin from Staphylococcus aureus.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 280:32493-8 (2005)
Reference
PMID:8002598 (Heriobacteria-Diapocarotene pathway)
  Authors
Wieland B, Feil C, Gloria-Maercker E, Thumm G, Lechner M, Bravo JM, Poralla K, Gotz F.
  Title
Genetic and biochemical analyses of the biosynthesis of the yellow carotenoid 4,4'-diaponeurosporene of Staphylococcus aureus.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 176:7719-26 (1994)
Reference
PMID:10395965 (Streptomyces griseus-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Krugel H, Krubasik P, Weber K, Saluz HP, Sandmann G.
  Title
Functional analysis of genes from Streptomyces griseus involved in the synthesis of isorenieratene, a carotenoid with aromatic end groups, revealed a novel type of carotenoid desaturase.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1439:57-64 (1999)
Reference
PMID:11479383 (Cyanobacteria-Myxol pathway)
  Authors
Takaichi S, Maoka T, Masamoto K.
  Title
Myxoxanthophyll in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is myxol 2'-dimethyl-fucoside, (3R,2'S)-myxol 2'-(2,4-di-O-methyl-alpha-L-fucoside), not rhamnoside.
  Journal
Plant Cell Physiol 42:756-62 (2001)
Reference
PMID:15695449 (Cyanobacteria-Myxol pathway)
  Authors
Takaichi S, Mochimaru M, Maoka T, Katoh H.
  Title
Myxol and 4-ketomyxol 2'-fucosides, not rhamnosides, from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 and Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102, and proposal for the biosynthetic pathway of carotenoids.
  Journal
Plant Cell Physiol 46:497-504 (2005)
Reference
PMID:9092504 (Cyanobacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Fernandez-Gonzalez B, Sandmann G, Vioque A.
  Title
A new type of asymmetrically acting beta-carotene ketolase is required for the synthesis of echinenone in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 272:9728-33 (1997)
Reference
PMID:16242129 (Cyanobacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Mochimaru M, Masukawa H, Takaichi S.
  Title
The cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 has two distinct beta-carotene ketolases: CrtO for echinenone and CrtW for ketomyxol synthesis.
  Journal
FEBS Lett 579:6111-4 (2005)
Reference
PMID:7919981 (Cyanobacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Cunningham FX Jr, Sun Z, Chamovitz D, Hirschberg J, Gantt E.
  Title
Molecular structure and enzymatic function of lycopene cyclase from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp strain PCC7942.
  Journal
Plant Cell 6:1107-21 (1994)
Reference
PMID:15811329 (Cyanobacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Tsuchiya T, Takaichi S, Misawa N, Maoka T, Miyashita H, Mimuro M.
  Title
The cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421 uses bacterial-type phytoene desaturase in carotenoid biosynthesis.
  Journal
FEBS Lett 579:2125-9 (2005)
Reference
PMID:15115301 (Green sulfer bacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Hirabayashi H, Ishii T, Takaichi S, Inoue K, Uehara K.
  Title
The role of carotenoids in the photoadaptation of the brown-colored sulfur bacterium Chlorobium phaeobacteroides.
  Journal
Photochem Photobiol 79:280-5 (2004)
Reference
PMID:16923888 (Green sulfer bacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Maresca JA, Bryant DA.
  Title
Two genes encoding new carotenoid-modifying enzymes in the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 188:6217-23 (2006)
Reference
PMID:15292122 (Green sulfer bacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Frigaard NU, Maresca JA, Yunker CE, Jones AD, Bryant DA.
  Title
Genetic manipulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 186:5210-20 (2004)
Reference
PMID:9297463 (Green sulfer bacteria-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Takaichi S, Wang ZY, Umetsu M, Nozawa T, Shimada K, Madigan MT.
  Title
New carotenoids from the thermophilic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum: 1',2'-dihydro-gamma-carotene, 1',2'-dihydrochlorobactene, and OH-chlorobactene glucoside ester, and the carotenoid composition of different strains.
  Journal
Arch Microbiol 168:270-6 (1997)
Reference
PMID:8661926 (Thermophilic bacteria-Thermocryptoxanthins)
  Authors
Yokoyama A, Shizuri Y, Hoshino T, Sandmann G.
  Title
Thermocryptoxanthins: novel intermediates in the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of Thermus thermophilus
  Journal
Arch Microbiol 165:342-5 (1996)
Reference
(Sulfolobus solfataricus-Carotenoid pathway)
  Authors
Hemmi H, Ikejiri S, Nakayama T, Nishio T.
  Title
Fusion-type lycopene ?? cyclase from a thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus.
  Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 305(3):586-591 (2003)
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