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Entry
map00120                    Pathway                                

Name
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
Description
Bile acids are steroid carboxylic acids derived from cholesterol in vertebrates. The primary bile acids, cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid, are synthesized in the liver and conjugated with taurine or glycine before secretion via bile into the intestine. The conversion from cholesterol to cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids involves four steps: 1) the initiation of synthesis by 7alpha-hydroxylation of sterol precursors, 2) further modifications to the ring structures, 3) side-chain oxidation and shortening (cleavage) by three carbons, and 4) conjugation of the bile acid with taurine or glycine.
Class
Metabolism; Lipid metabolism
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
map00120

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00104  
Bile acid biosynthesis, cholesterol => cholate/chenodeoxycholate [PATH:map00120]
M00106  
Conjugated bile acid biosynthesis, cholate => taurocholate/glycocholate [PATH:map00120]
Disease
H00151  
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
H00407  
Peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzyme deficiency
H00624  
Familial cholestasis
H00628  
Congenital bile acid synthesis defect (CBAS)
H00874  
Leukoencephalopathy with dystonia and motor neuropathy
Reference
  Authors
Russell DW
  Title
The enzymes, regulation, and genetics of bile acid synthesis.
  Journal
Annu Rev Biochem 72:137-74 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Norlin M, Wikvall K
  Title
Enzymes in the conversion of cholesterol into bile acids.
  Journal
Curr Mol Med 7:199-218 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Vlahcevic ZR, Pandak WM, Stravitz RT
  Title
Regulation of bile acid biosynthesis.
  Journal
Gastroenterol Clin North Am 28:1-25, v (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Pellicoro A, Faber KN
  Title
Review article: The function and regulation of proteins involved in bile salt biosynthesis and transport.
  Journal
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 26 Suppl 2:149-60 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Hofmann AF, Hagey LR
  Title
Bile acids: chemistry, pathochemistry, biology, pathobiology, and therapeutics.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 65:2461-83 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Schwarz M, Wright AC, Davis DL, Nazer H, Bjorkhem I, Russell DW
  Title
The bile acid synthetic gene 3beta-hydroxy-Delta(5)-C(27)-steroid oxidoreductase is mutated in progressive intrahepatic cholestasis.
  Journal
J Clin Invest 106:1175-84 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Ridlon JM, Kang DJ, Hylemon PB
  Title
Bile salt biotransformations by human intestinal bacteria.
  Journal
J Lipid Res 47:241-59 (2006)
Reference
PMID:9292932
  Authors
Bortolini O, Medici A, Poli S
  Title
Biotransformations on steroid nucleus of bile acids.
  Journal
Steroids 62:564-77 (1997)
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