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Entry
map00195                    Pathway                                

Name
Photosynthesis
Description
Photosynthesis in green plants and specialized bacteria is the process of utilizing light energy to synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water. It consists of the light dependent part (light reaction) and the light independent part (dark reaction, carbon fixation). The light reaction takes place in thylakoid, a membrane-bound compartment inside chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. The light energy is used by photosystems I and II to generate proton motive force and reducing power (NADPH or NADH). The proton motive force is used by ATP synthase to generate ATP, essentially in the same way as the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The supplies of ATP and NAD(P)H are then used to fix carbon dioxide.
Class
Metabolism; Energy metabolism
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Pathway map
Photosynthesis
map00195

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00157  
F-type ATPase, prokaryotes and chloroplasts [PATH:map00195]
M00161  
Photosystem II [PATH:map00195]
M00162  
Cytochrome b6f complex [PATH:map00195]
M00163  
Photosystem I [PATH:map00195]
Disease
H00138  
Farber lipogranulomatosis
H00424  
Defects in the degradation of sphingomyelin
Reference
  Authors
Ferreira KN, Iverson TM, Maghlaoui K, Barber J, Iwata S.
  Title
Architecture of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving center.
  Journal
Science 303:1831-8 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Kamiya N, Shen JR.
  Title
Crystal structure of oxygen-evolving photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus vulcanus at 3.7-A resolution.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:98-103 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Zouni A, Witt HT, Kern J, Fromme P, Krauss N, Saenger W, Orth P.
  Title
Crystal structure of photosystem II from Synechococcus elongatus at 3.8 A resolution.
  Journal
Nature 409:739-743 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Jordan P, Fromme P, Witt HT, Klukas O, Saenger W, Krauss N.
  Title
Three-dimensional structure of cyanobacterial photosystem I at 2.5 A resolution.
  Journal
Nature 411:909-917 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Jones MR, Fyfe PK.
  Title
Photosynthesis: new light on biological oxygen production.
  Journal
Curr Biol 17:R318-R321 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Shen G, Zhao J, Reimer SK, Antonkine ML, Cai Q, Weiland SM, Golbeck JH, Bryant DA.
  Title
Assembly of photosystem I. I. Inactivation of the rubA gene encoding a membrane-associated rubredoxin in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 causes a loss of photosystem I activity.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 277:20343-54 (2002)
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