KEGG   PATHWAY: map03070Help
Entry
map03070                    Pathway                                

Name
Bacterial secretion system
Description
Gram-negative bacteria secrete a wide range of proteins whose functions include biogenesis of organelles, such as pilli and flagella, nutrient acquisition, virulence, and efflux of drugs and other toxins. Six distinct secretion systems have been shown to mediate protein export through the inner and outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria. These pathways are highly conserved throughout the Gram-negative bacterial species. In Gram-positive bacteria, secreted proteins are commonly translocated across the single membrane by the Sec pathway or the two-arginine (Tat) pathway.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Membrane transport
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Bacterial secretion system
map03070

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00325  
alpha-Hemolysin/cyclolysin transport system [PATH:map03070]
M00331  
Type II general secretion system [PATH:map03070]
M00332  
Type III secretion system [PATH:map03070]
M00333  
Type IV secretion system [PATH:map03070]
M00334  
Type VI secretion system [PATH:map03070]
M00335  
Sec (secretion) system [PATH:map03070]
M00336  
Twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system [PATH:map03070]
Other DBs
Reference
  Authors
Kim JF.
  Title
Revisiting the chlamydial type III protein secretion system: clues to the origin of type III protein secretion.
  Journal
Trends Genet 17:65-9 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Plano GV, Day JB, Ferracci F.
  Title
Type III export: new uses for an old pathway.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 40:284-93 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Gauthier A, Finlay BB.
  Title
Bacterial pathogenesis: the answer to virulence is in the pore.
  Journal
Curr Biol 11:R264-7 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Burns DL.
  Title
Biochemistry of type IV secretion.
  Journal
Curr Opin Microbiol 2:25-9 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Christie PJ, Vogel JP.
  Title
Bacterial type IV secretion: conjugation systems adapted to deliver effector molecules to host cells.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 8:354-60 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Christie PJ.
  Title
Type IV secretion: intercellular transfer of macromolecules by systems ancestrally related to conjugation machines.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 40:294-305 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Nunn D.
  Title
Bacterial type II protein export and pilus biogenesis: more than just homologies?
  Journal
Trends Cell Biol 9:402-8 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Sandkvist M.
  Title
Biology of type II secretion.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 40:271-83 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Sandkvist M.
  Title
Type II secretion and pathogenesis.
  Journal
Infect Immun 69:3523-35 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Delepelaire P
  Title
Type I secretion in gram-negative bacteria.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1694:149-61 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Hazes B, Frost L
  Title
Towards a systems biology approach to study type II/IV secretion systems.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1778:1839-50 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Johnson TL, Abendroth J, Hol WG, Sandkvist M
  Title
Type II secretion: from structure to function.
  Journal
FEMS Microbiol Lett 255:175-86 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Filloux A
  Title
The underlying mechanisms of type II protein secretion.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1694:163-79 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Spreter T, Yip CK, Sanowar S, Andre I, Kimbrough TG, Vuckovic M, Pfuetzner RA, Deng W, Yu AC, Finlay BB, Baker D, Miller SI, Strynadka NC
  Title
A conserved structural motif mediates formation of the periplasmic rings in the type III secretion system.
  Journal
Nat Struct Mol Biol 16:468-76 (2009)
Reference
  Authors
Ghosh P
  Title
Process of protein transport by the type III secretion system.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68:771-95 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Cornelis GR
  Title
The Yersinia Ysc-Yop 'type III' weaponry.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3:742-52 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Baron C
  Title
VirB8: a conserved type IV secretion system assembly factor and drug target.
  Journal
Biochem Cell Biol 84:890-9 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Kwok T, Zabler D, Urman S, Rohde M, Hartig R, Wessler S, Misselwitz R, Berger J, Sewald N, Konig W, Backert S
  Title
Helicobacter exploits integrin for type IV secretion and kinase activation.
  Journal
Nature 449:862-6 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Christie PJ, Cascales E
  Title
Structural and dynamic properties of bacterial type IV secretion systems (review).
  Journal
Mol Membr Biol 22:51-61 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Christie PJ
  Title
Type IV secretion: the Agrobacterium VirB/D4 and related conjugation systems.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1694:219-34 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Henderson IR, Navarro-Garcia F, Desvaux M, Fernandez RC, Ala'Aldeen D
  Title
Type V protein secretion pathway: the autotransporter story.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68:692-744 (2004)
Reference
PMID:9778731
  Authors
Henderson IR, Navarro-Garcia F, Nataro JP
  Title
The great escape: structure and function of the autotransporter proteins.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 6:370-8 (1998)
Reference
  Authors
Filloux A, Hachani A, Bleves S
  Title
The bacterial type VI secretion machine: yet another player for protein transport across membranes.
  Journal
Microbiology 154:1570-83 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Leiman PG, Basler M, Ramagopal UA, Bonanno JB, Sauder JM, Pukatzki S, Burley SK, Almo SC, Mekalanos JJ
  Title
Type VI secretion apparatus and phage tail-associated protein complexes share a common evolutionary origin.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:4154-9 (2009)
Reference
  Authors
Kulasekara HD, Miller SI
  Title
Threonine phosphorylation times bacterial secretion.
  Journal
Nat Cell Biol 9:734-6 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Driessen AJ, Nouwen N
  Title
Protein translocation across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane.
  Journal
Annu Rev Biochem 77:643-67 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Pool MR
  Title
Getting to the membrane: how is co-translational protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum regulated?
  Journal
Biochem Soc Trans 31:1232-7 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Desvaux M, Hebraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR
  Title
Secretion and subcellular localizations of bacterial proteins: a semantic awareness issue.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 17:139-45 (2009)
Reference
  Authors
Nakatogawa H, Murakami A, Ito K
  Title
Control of SecA and SecM translation by protein secretion.
  Journal
Curr Opin Microbiol 7:145-50 (2004)
KO pathway
 

DBGET integrated database retrieval system