KEGG   PATHWAY: map03320Help
Entry
map03320                    Pathway                                

Name
PPAR signaling pathway
Description
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) showing different expression patterns in vertebrates. Each of them is encoded in a separate gene and binds fatty acids and eicosanoids. PPARalpha plays a role in the clearance of circulating or cellular lipids via the regulation of gene expression involved in lipid metabolism in liver and skeletal muscle. PPARbeta/delta is involved in lipid oxidation and cell proliferation. PPARgamma promotes adipocyte differentiation to enhance blood glucose uptake.
Class
Organismal Systems; Endocrine system
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
PPAR signaling pathway
map03320

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00151  
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
H00154  
Hyperlipoproteinemia, type I
H00157  
Hyperlipoproteinemia, type V
H00407  
Peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzyme deficiency
H00409  
Type II diabetes mellitus
H00420  
Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPL)
H00552  
Glycerol kinase deficiency (GKD)
H00874  
Leukoencephalopathy with dystonia and motor neuropathy
H00930  
Hypoalphalipoproteinemia
H00967  
Adiponectin deficiency
H01108  
CD36 deficiency
H01199  
Hyperalphalipoproteinemia
Reference
  Authors
Takahashi N, Goto T, Kusudo T, Moriyama T, Kawada T.
  Title
[The structures and functions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs)]
  Journal
Nippon Rinsho 63:557-64 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Fujii H.
  Title
[PPARs-mediated intracellular signal transduction]
  Journal
Nippon Rinsho 63:565-71 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Takada I, Kato S.
  Title
[PPARs target genes]
  Journal
Nippon Rinsho 63:573-7 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Inoue H.
  Title
[Endogenous ligands for PPARs]
  Journal
Nippon Rinsho 63:578-83 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Feige JN, Gelman L, Michalik L, Desvergne B, Wahli W.
  Title
From molecular action to physiological outputs: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors are nuclear receptors at the crossroads of key cellular functions.
  Journal
Prog Lipid Res 45:120-59 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Desvergne B, Michalik L, Wahli W.
  Title
Transcriptional regulation of metabolism.
  Journal
Physiol Rev 86:465-514 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Mandard S, Muller M, Kersten S.
  Title
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha target genes.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:393-416 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Desvergne B, Wahli W.
  Title
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors: nuclear control of metabolism.
  Journal
Endocr Rev 20:649-88 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Savage DB.
  Title
PPARgamma as a metabolic regulator: insights from genomics and pharmacology.
  Journal
Expert Rev Mol Med 2005:1-16 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Semple RK, Chatterjee VK, O'Rahilly S.
  Title
PPAR gamma and human metabolic disease.
  Journal
J Clin Invest 116:581-9 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Lehrke M, Lazar MA.
  Title
The many faces of PPARgamma.
  Journal
Cell 123:993-9 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Hauner H.
  Title
The mode of action of thiazolidinediones.
  Journal
Diabetes Metab Res Rev 18 Suppl 2:S10-5 (2002)
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