KEGG   PATHWAY: map04010Help
Entry
map04010                    Pathway                                

Name
MAPK signaling pathway
Description
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals express at least four distinctly regulated groups of MAPKs, extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK)-1/2, Jun amino-terminal kinases (JNK1/2/3), p38 proteins (p38alpha/beta/gamma/delta) and ERK5, that are activated by specific MAPKKs: MEK1/2 for ERK1/2, MKK3/6 for the p38, MKK4/7 (JNKK1/2) for the JNKs, and MEK5 for ERK5. Each MAPKK, however, can be activated by more than one MAPKKK, increasing the complexity and diversity of MAPK signalling. Presumably each MAPKKK confers responsiveness to distinct stimuli. For example, activation of ERK1/2 by growth factors depends on the MAPKKK c-Raf, but other MAPKKKs may activate ERK1/2 in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
MAPK signaling pathway
map04010

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00687  
MAPK (ERK1/2) signaling [PATH:map04010]
M00688  
MAPK (JNK) signaling [PATH:map04010]
M00689  
MAPK (p38) signaling [PATH:map04010]
M00690  
MAPK (ERK5) signaling [PATH:map04010]
Disease
H00078  
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD)
H00265  
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (HSAN)
H00484  
Other brachydactylies
H00523  
Noonan syndrome and related disorders
H00532  
RASA1-related disorders
H00539  
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS)
H00540  
Osteoporosis, lymphedema, anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (OLEDAID)
H00574  
Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS)
H00577  
Syndromic X-linked mental retardation with epilepsy or seizures
H00595  
Myofibrillar myopathies (MFM)
H00642  
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome (LADD)
H00645  
Incontinentia pigmenti
H00677  
Aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands
H00728  
Brugada syndrome (BRS)
H00746  
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP)
H00749  
Episodic ataxias
H00775  
Familial or sporadic hemiplegic migraine
H00787  
Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB)
H00800  
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS)
H00801  
Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD)
H00808  
Idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs)
H00856  
Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMN)
H00881  
Li-Fraumeni syndrome
H00882  
Cocoon syndrome
H00894  
FG syndrome (FGS)
H00912  
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS)
H00916  
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS)
H00997  
CATSHL syndrome
H01007  
Choroid plexus papilloma
H01193  
Familial tumoral calcinosis (FTC)
H01207  
Trigonocephaly
H01250  
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF)
H01276  
X-linked chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
H01385  
Rienhoff syndrome
Reference
  Authors
Chen Z, Gibson TB, Robinson F, Silvestro L, Pearson G, Xu B, Wright A, Vanderbilt C, Cobb MH.
  Title
MAP kinases.
  Journal
Chem Rev 101:2449-76 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Tanoue T, Nishida E.
  Title
Docking interactions in the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades.
  Journal
Pharmacol Ther 93:193-202 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Dent P, Yacoub A, Fisher PB, Hagan MP, Grant S.
  Title
MAPK pathways in radiation responses.
  Journal
Oncogene 22:5885-96 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Huang EJ, Reichardt LF.
  Title
Trk receptors: roles in neuronal signal transduction.
  Journal
Annu Rev Biochem 72:609-42 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Harper SJ, LoGrasso P.
  Title
Signalling for survival and death in neurones: the role of stress-activated kinases, JNK and p38.
  Journal
Cell Signal 13:299-310 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Takeda K, Ichijo H
  Title
Neuronal p38 MAPK signalling: an emerging regulator of cell fate and function in the nervous system.
  Journal
Genes Cells 7:1099-111 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Yang SH, Sharrocks AD, Whitmarsh AJ.
  Title
Transcriptional regulation by the MAP kinase signaling cascades.
  Journal
Gene 320:3-21 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Zhu X, Lee HG, Raina AK, Perry G, Smith MA.
  Title
The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in Alzheimer's disease.
  Journal
Neurosignals 11:270-81 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Cho H, Lee J, Kwak NJ, Lee KH, Rha S, Kim YH, Cho YY, Yang KH, Kim K, Lim Y.
  Title
Silica induces nuclear factor-kappaB activation through TAK1 and NIK in Rat2 cell line.
  Journal
Toxicol Lett 143:323-30 (2003)
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