KEGG   PATHWAY: map04115Help
Entry
map04115                    Pathway                                

Name
p53 signaling pathway
Description
p53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated genes. This results in three major outputs; cell cycle arrest, cellular senescence or apoptosis. Other p53-regulated gene functions communicate with adjacent cells, repair the damaged DNA or set up positive and negative feedback loops that enhance or attenuate the functions of the p53 protein and integrate these stress responses with other signal transduction pathways.
Class
Cellular Processes; Cell growth and death
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
p53 signaling pathway
map04115

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00409  
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H00881  
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H00896  
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Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) deficiency
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VACTERL/VATER association
Reference
  Authors
Levine AJ, Hu W, Feng Z.
  Title
The P53 pathway: what questions remain to be explored?
  Journal
Cell Death Differ 13:1027-36 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Harris SL, Levine AJ.
  Title
The p53 pathway: positive and negative feedback loops.
  Journal
Oncogene 24:2899-908 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Balint E E, Vousden KH.
  Title
Activation and activities of the p53 tumour suppressor protein.
  Journal
Br J Cancer 85:1813-23 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Taylor WR, Stark GR.
  Title
Regulation of the G2/M transition by p53.
  Journal
Oncogene 20:1803-15 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Hofseth LJ, Hussain SP, Harris CC.
  Title
p53: 25 years after its discovery.
  Journal
Trends Pharmacol Sci 25:177-81 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Pietenpol JA, Stewart ZA.
  Title
Cell cycle checkpoint signaling: cell cycle arrest versus apoptosis.
  Journal
Toxicology 181-182:475-81 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Tokino T, Nakamura Y.
  Title
The role of p53-target genes in human cancer.
  Journal
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 33:1-6 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Hermeking H, Benzinger A.
  Title
14-3-3 proteins in cell cycle regulation.
  Journal
Semin Cancer Biol 16:183-92 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Sherr CJ.
  Title
Divorcing ARF and p53: an unsettled case.
  Journal
Nat Rev Cancer 6:663-73 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Feng Z, Hu W, de Stanchina E, Teresky AK, Jin S, Lowe S, Levine AJ.
  Title
The regulation of AMPK beta1, TSC2, and PTEN expression by p53: stress, cell and tissue specificity, and the role of these gene products in modulating the IGF-1-AKT-mTOR pathways.
  Journal
Cancer Res 67:3043-53 (2007)
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