KEGG   PATHWAY: map04370Help
Entry
map04370                    Pathway                                

Name
VEGF signaling pathway
Description
There is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis. The binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to a cascade of different signaling pathways, resulting in the up-regulation of genes involved in mediating the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells and promoting their survival and vascular permeability. For example, the binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to dimerization of the receptor, followed by intracellular activation of the PLCgamma;PKC-Raf kinase-MEK-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and subsequent initiation of DNA synthesis and cell growth, whereas activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway leads to increased endothelial-cell survival. Activation of PI3K, FAK, and p38 MAPK is implicated in cell migration signaling.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
VEGF signaling pathway
map04370

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H01482  
Infantile hemangioma
H01529  
Avascular necrosis of femoral head
Other DBs
GO: 
Reference
  Authors
Cross MJ, Dixelius J, Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
  Title
VEGF-receptor signal transduction.
  Journal
Trends Biochem Sci 28:488-94 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0968-0004(03)00193-2
Reference
  Authors
Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
  Title
VEGF receptor signal transduction.
  Journal
Sci STKE 2001:RE21 (2001)
DOI:10.1126/stke.2001.112.re21
Reference
  Authors
Hoeben A, Landuyt B, Highley MS, Wildiers H, Van Oosterom AT, De Bruijn EA.
  Title
Vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis.
  Journal
Pharmacol Rev 56:549-80 (2004)
DOI:10.1124/pr.56.4.3
Reference
  Authors
Takahashi H, Shibuya M.
  Title
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor system and its role under physiological and pathological conditions.
  Journal
Clin Sci (Lond) 109:227-41 (2005)
DOI:10.1042/CS20040370
Reference
  Authors
Zachary I.
  Title
VEGF signalling: integration and multi-tasking in endothelial cell biology.
  Journal
Biochem Soc Trans 31:1171-7 (2003)
DOI:10.1042/bst0311171
Reference
  Authors
Munoz-Chapuli R, Quesada AR, Angel Medina M.
  Title
Angiogenesis and signal transduction in endothelial cells.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:2224-43 (2004)
DOI:10.1007/s00018-004-4070-7
Reference
  Authors
Lamalice L, Houle F, Jourdan G, Huot J.
  Title
Phosphorylation of tyrosine 1214 on VEGFR2 is required for VEGF-induced activation of Cdc42 upstream of SAPK2/p38.
  Journal
Oncogene 23:434-45 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1207034
Reference
  Authors
Shu X, Wu W, Mosteller RD, Broek D.
  Title
Sphingosine kinase mediates vascular endothelial growth factor-induced activation of ras and mitogen-activated protein kinases.
  Journal
Mol Cell Biol 22:7758-68 (2002)
DOI:10.1128/MCB.22.22.7758-7768.2002
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