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Entry
map04514                    Pathway                                

Name
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs)
Description
Cell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, embryogenesis, and development of neuronal tissue. There are four main groups: the integrin family, the immunoglobulin superfamily, selectins, and cadherins. Membrane proteins that mediate immune cell–cell interactions fall into different categories, namely those involved in antigen recognition, costimulation and cellular adhesion. Furthermore cell-cell adhesions are important for brain morphology and highly coordinated brain functions such as memory and learning. During early development of the nervous system, neurons elongate their axons towards their targets and establish and maintain synapses through formation of cell-cell adhesions. Cell-cell adhesions also underpin axon-axon contacts and link neurons with supporting schwann cells and oligodendrocytes.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signaling molecules and interaction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs)
map04514

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00586  
Epidermolysis bullosa, junctional
H00639  
Ectodermal dysplasia, ectrodactyly, and macular dystrophy (EEM syndrome)
H00742  
Neonatal ichthyosis-sclerosing cholangitis (NISCH) syndrome
H00756  
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome
H00785  
Congenital hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy
H00805  
Vitreoretinal degeneration
H00840  
Band-like calcification with simplified gyration and polymicrogyria (BLC-PMG)
H01034  
L1 syndrome
H01155  
Roussy-Levy syndrome
H01210  
Hypomagnesemia
H01677  
Congenital hydrocephalus
H01882  
Asperger syndrome
Other DBs
GO: 
Reference
  Authors
Barclay AN.
  Title
Membrane proteins with immunoglobulin-like domains--a master superfamily of interaction molecules.
  Journal
Semin Immunol 15:215-23 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S1044-5323(03)00047-2
Reference
  Authors
Sharpe AH, Freeman GJ.
  Title
The B7-CD28 superfamily.
  Journal
Nat Rev Immunol 2:116-26 (2002)
DOI:10.1038/nri727
Reference
PMID:9597126
  Authors
Grewal IS, Flavell RA.
  Title
CD40 and CD154 in cell-mediated immunity.
  Journal
Annu Rev Immunol 16:111-35 (1998)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.immunol.16.1.111
Reference
  Authors
Dardalhon V, Schubart AS, Reddy J, Meyers JH, Monney L, Sabatos CA, Ahuja R, Nguyen K, Freeman GJ, Greenfield EA, Sobel RA, Kuchroo VK.
  Title
CD226 is specifically expressed on the surface of Th1 cells and regulates their expansion and effector functions.
  Journal
J Immunol 175:1558-65 (2005)
DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.175.3.1558
Reference
  Authors
Montoya MC, Sancho D, Vicente-Manzanares M, Sanchez-Madrid F.
  Title
Cell adhesion and polarity during immune interactions.
  Journal
Immunol Rev 186:68-82 (2002)
DOI:10.1034/j.1600-065X.2002.18607.x
Reference
  Authors
Dejana E.
  Title
Endothelial cell-cell junctions: happy together.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 5:261-70 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nrm1357
Reference
  Authors
Bazzoni G.
  Title
The JAM family of junctional adhesion molecules.
  Journal
Curr Opin Cell Biol 15:525-30 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0955-0674(03)00104-2
Reference
  Authors
Becker BF, Heindl B, Kupatt C, Zahler S.
  Title
Endothelial function and hemostasis.
  Journal
Z Kardiol 89:160-7 (2000)
DOI:10.1007/PL00007320
Reference
PMID:9150551
  Authors
Elangbam CS, Qualls CW Jr, Dahlgren RR.
  Title
Cell adhesion molecules--update.
  Journal
Vet Pathol 34:61-73 (1997)
DOI:10.1177/030098589703400113
Reference
  Authors
Muller WA.
  Title
Leukocyte-endothelial-cell interactions in leukocyte transmigration and the inflammatory response.
  Journal
Trends Immunol 24:327-34 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S1471-4906(03)00117-0
Reference
  Authors
Yamagata M, Sanes JR, Weiner JA.
  Title
Synaptic adhesion molecules.
  Journal
Curr Opin Cell Biol 15:621-32 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0955-0674(03)00107-8
Reference
  Authors
Ethell IM, Pasquale EB.
  Title
Molecular mechanisms of dendritic spine development and remodeling.
  Journal
Prog Neurobiol 75:161-205 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2005.02.003
Reference
  Authors
Benson DL, Schnapp LM, Shapiro L, Huntley GW.
  Title
Making memories stick: cell-adhesion molecules in synaptic plasticity.
  Journal
Trends Cell Biol 10:473-82 (2000)
DOI:10.1016/S0962-8924(00)01838-9
Reference
  Authors
Rosdahl JA, Mourton TL, Brady-Kalnay SM.
  Title
Protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) is required for protein tyrosine phosphatase mu (PTPmu)-dependent neurite outgrowth.
  Journal
Mol Cell Neurosci 19:292-306 (2002)
DOI:10.1006/mcne.2001.1071
Reference
  Authors
Dunican DJ, Doherty P.
  Title
The generation of localized calcium rises mediated by cell adhesion molecules and their role in neuronal growth cone motility.
  Journal
Mol Cell Biol Res Commun 3:255-63 (2000)
DOI:10.1006/mcbr.2000.0225
Reference
  Authors
Girault JA, Peles E.
  Title
Development of nodes of Ranvier.
  Journal
Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:476-85 (2002)
DOI:10.1016/S0959-4388(02)00370-7
Reference
  Authors
Arroyo EJ, Scherer SS.
  Title
On the molecular architecture of myelinated fibers.
  Journal
Histochem Cell Biol 113:1-18 (2000)
DOI:10.1007/s004180050001
Reference
  Authors
Salzer JL.
  Title
Polarized domains of myelinated axons.
  Journal
Neuron 40:297-318 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0896-6273(03)00628-7
Reference
  Authors
Irie K, Shimizu K, Sakisaka T, Ikeda W, Takai Y.
  Title
Roles and modes of action of nectins in cell-cell adhesion.
  Journal
Semin Cell Dev Biol 15:643-56 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.semcdb.2004.09.002
Reference
  Authors
Nakanishi H, Takai Y.
  Title
Roles of nectins in cell adhesion, migration and polarization.
  Journal
Biol Chem 385:885-92 (2004)
DOI:10.1515/BC.2004.116
Reference
  Authors
Siu MK, Cheng CY.
  Title
Extracellular matrix: recent advances on its role in junction dynamics in the seminiferous epithelium during spermatogenesis.
  Journal
Biol Reprod 71:375-91 (2004)
DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.104.028225
Reference
  Authors
Lee NP, Cheng CY.
  Title
Adaptors, junction dynamics, and spermatogenesis.
  Journal
Biol Reprod 71:392-404 (2004)
DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.104.027268
Reference
  Authors
Inagaki M, Irie K, Ishizaki H, Tanaka-Okamoto M, Morimoto K, Inoue E, Ohtsuka T, Miyoshi J, Takai Y.
  Title
Roles of cell-adhesion molecules nectin 1 and nectin 3 in ciliary body development.
  Journal
Development 132:1525-37 (2005)
DOI:10.1242/dev.01697
Reference
  Authors
Marthiens V, Gavard J, Lambert M, Mege RM.
  Title
Cadherin-based cell adhesion in neuromuscular development.
  Journal
Biol Cell 94:315-26 (2002)
DOI:10.1016/S0248-4900(02)00005-9
Reference
  Authors
Krauss RS, Cole F, Gaio U, Takaesu G, Zhang W, Kang JS.
  Title
Close encounters: regulation of vertebrate skeletal myogenesis by cell-cell contact.
  Journal
J Cell Sci 118:2355-62 (2005)
DOI:10.1242/jcs.02397
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