KEGG   PATHWAY: map04912Help
Entry
map04912                    Pathway                                

Name
GnRH signaling pathway
Description
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnRHR is coupled to Gq/11 proteins to activate phospholipase C which transmits its signal to diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). DAG activates the intracellular protein kinase C (PKC) pathway and IP3 stimulates release of intracellular calcium. In addition to the classical Gq/11, coupling of Gs is occasionally observed in a cell-specific fashion. Signaling downstream of protein kinase C (PKC) leads to transactivation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK. Active MAPKs translocate to the nucleus, resulting in activation of transcription factors and rapid induction of early genes.
Class
Organismal Systems; Endocrine system
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
GnRH signaling pathway
map04912

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00255  
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
H00746  
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP)
H00937  
Precocious puberty
H01253  
Isolated follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency (IFSHD)
H01860  
Abnormal pituitary gonadotropin secretion
Reference
  Authors
Ruf F, Sealfon SC.
  Title
Genomics view of gonadotrope signaling circuits.
  Journal
Trends Endocrinol Metab 15:331-8 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.tem.2004.07.008
Reference
  Authors
Harrison GS, Wierman ME, Nett TM, Glode LM.
  Title
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its receptor in normal and malignant cells.
  Journal
Endocr Relat Cancer 11:725-48 (2004)
DOI:10.1677/erc.1.00777
Reference
  Authors
Pawson AJ, McNeilly AS.
  Title
The pituitary effects of GnRH.
  Journal
Anim Reprod Sci 88:75-94 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2005.05.010
Reference
  Authors
DeGroot LJ, Jameson JL (ed).
  Title
Endocrinology (Fifth edition)
  Journal
Elsevier Saunders (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Naor Z, Benard O, Seger R.
  Title
Activation of MAPK cascades by G-protein-coupled receptors: the case of gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor.
  Journal
Trends Endocrinol Metab 11:91-9 (2000)
DOI:10.1016/S1043-2760(99)00232-5
Reference
  Authors
Ruf F, Fink MY, Sealfon SC.
  Title
Structure of the GnRH receptor-stimulated signaling network: insights from genomics.
  Journal
Front Neuroendocrinol 24:181-99 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0091-3022(03)00027-X
Reference
  Authors
Farshori PQ, Shah BH, Arora KK, Martinez-Fuentes A, Catt KJ.
  Title
Activation and nuclear translocation of PKCdelta, Pyk2 and ERK1/2 by gonadotropin releasing hormone in HEK293 cells.
  Journal
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 85:337-47 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0960-0760(03)00226-7
Reference
  Authors
Shah BH, Catt KJ.
  Title
Matrix metalloproteinases in reproductive endocrinology.
  Journal
Trends Endocrinol Metab 15:47-9 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.tem.2004.01.004
Reference
  Authors
Roelle S, Grosse R, Aigner A, Krell HW, Czubayko F, Gudermann T.
  Title
Matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 mediate epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation by gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 278:47307-18 (2003)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M304377200
KO pathway
 

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