KEGG   PATHWAY: map05213Help
Entry
map05213                    Pathway                                

Name
Endometrial cancer
Description
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endometrial carcinoma are distinguished with respect to biology and clinical course. Type-I carcinoma is related to hyperestrogenism by association with endometrial hyperplasia, frequent expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors and younger age, whereas type-II carcinoma is unrelated to estrogen, associated with atrophic endometrium, frequent lack of estrogen and progesterone receptors and older age. The morphologic differences in these cancers are mirrored in their molecular genetic profile with type I showing defects in DNA-mismatch repair and mutations in PTEN, K-ras, and beta-catenin, and type II showing aneuploidy, p53 mutations, and her2/neu amplification.
Class
Human Diseases; Cancers
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Endometrial cancer
map05213

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00026  
Endometrial Cancer
H00876  
Mismatch repair deficiency
Reference
  Authors
Ryan AJ, Susil B, Jobling TW, Oehler MK.
  Title
Endometrial cancer.
  Journal
Cell Tissue Res 322:53-61 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Lax SF.
  Title
Molecular genetic pathways in various types of endometrial carcinoma: from a phenotypical to a molecular-based classification.
  Journal
Virchows Arch 444:213-23 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Shiozawa T, Konishi I.
  Title
Early endometrial carcinoma: clinicopathology, hormonal aspects, molecular genetics, diagnosis, and treatment.
  Journal
Int J Clin Oncol 11:13-21 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Hecht JL, Mutter GL.
  Title
Molecular and pathologic aspects of endometrial carcinogenesis.
  Journal
J Clin Oncol 24:4783-91 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Matias-Guiu X, Catasus L, Bussaglia E, Lagarda H, Garcia A, Pons C, Munoz J, Arguelles R, Machin P, Prat J.
  Title
Molecular pathology of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma.
  Journal
Hum Pathol 32:569-77 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Slomovitz BM, Broaddus RR, Burke TW, Sneige N, Soliman PT, Wu W, Sun CC, Munsell MF, Gershenson DM, Lu KH.
  Title
Her-2/neu overexpression and amplification in uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
  Journal
J Clin Oncol 22:3126-32 (2004)
Reference
PMID:7585656
  Authors
Saffari B, Jones LA, el-Naggar A, Felix JC, George J, Press MF.
  Title
Amplification and overexpression of HER-2/neu (c-erbB2) in endometrial cancers: correlation with overall survival.
  Journal
Cancer Res 55:5693-8 (1995)
Reference
  Authors
Kim D, Chung J.
  Title
Akt: versatile mediator of cell survival and beyond.
  Journal
J Biochem Mol Biol 35:106-15 (2002)
KO pathway
 

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