KEGG   PATHWAY: afr03430Help
Entry
afr03430                    Pathway                                

Name
Mismatch repair - Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 23270
Description
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) is a highly conserved biological pathway that plays a key role in maintaining genomic stability. MMR corrects DNA mismatches generated during DNA replication, thereby preventing mutations from becoming permanent in dividing cells. MMR also suppresses homologous recombination and was recently shown to play a role in DNA damage signaling. Defects in MMR are associated with genome-wide instability, predisposition to certain types of cancer including HNPCC, resistance to certain chemotherapeutic agents, and abnormalities in meiosis and sterility in mammalian systems.
The Escherichia coli MMR pathway has been extensively studied and is well characterized. In E. coli, the mismatch-activated MutS-MutL-ATP complex licenses MutH to incise the nearest unmethylated GATC sequence. UvrD and an exonuclease generate a gap. This gap is filled by pol III and DNA ligase. The GATC sites are then methylated by Dam. Several human MMR proteins have been identified based on their homology to E. coli MMR proteins. These include human homologs of MutS and MutL. Although E. coli MutS and MutL proteins are homodimers, human MutS and MutL homologs are heterodimers. The role of hemimethylated dGATC sites as a signal for strand discrimination is not conserved from E. coli to human. Human MMR is presumed to be nick-directed in vivo, and is thought to discriminate daughter and template strands using a strand-specific nick.
Class
Genetic Information Processing; Replication and repair
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Mismatch repair
afr03430

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
DNA polymerase III complex, bacteria [PATH:afr03430]
Other DBs
BSID: 
GO: 
Organism
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 [GN:afr]
Gene
mutS; DNA mismatch repair protein MutS [KO:K03555]
MutS2 family protein; K07456 DNA mismatch repair protein MutS2 [KO:K07456]
MutS domain-containing protein; K07456 DNA mismatch repair protein MutS2 [KO:K07456]
mutL; mismatch repair protein MutL [KO:K03572]
uvrD; DNA helicase II [KO:K03657] [EC:3.6.4.12]
xseA; exodeoxyribonuclease VII large subunit [KO:K03601] [EC:3.1.11.6]
xseB; exodeoxyribonuclease VII small subunit [KO:K03602] [EC:3.1.11.6]
exodeoxyribonuclease X; K10857 exodeoxyribonuclease X [EC:3.1.11.-] [KO:K10857] [EC:3.1.11.-]
recJ; single-stranded-DNA-specific exonuclease RecJ [KO:K07462] [EC:3.1.-.-]
ssb-2; single-strand binding protein [KO:K03111]
ssb-1; single-strand binding protein [KO:K03111]
ssb-3; single-strand binding protein [KO:K03111]
dnaE; DNA polymerase III subunit alpha [KO:K02337] [EC:2.7.7.7]
dnaN; DNA polymerase III subunit beta [KO:K02338] [EC:2.7.7.7]
dnaX; DNA polymerase III subunits gamma and tau [KO:K02343] [EC:2.7.7.7]
holA; DNA polymerase III subunit delta [KO:K02340] [EC:2.7.7.7]
holB; DNA polymerase III subunit delta' [KO:K02341] [EC:2.7.7.7]
dnaQ; DNA polymerase III subunit epsilon [KO:K02342] [EC:2.7.7.7]
holC; DNA polymerase III subunit chi [KO:K02339] [EC:2.7.7.7]
ligA; NAD-dependent DNA ligase [KO:K01972] [EC:6.5.1.2]
NAD-dependent DNA ligase; K01972 DNA ligase (NAD+) [EC:6.5.1.2] [KO:K01972] [EC:6.5.1.2]
methyltransferase; K06223 DNA adenine methylase [EC:2.1.1.72] [KO:K06223] [EC:2.1.1.72]
Reference
  Authors
Jiricny J.
  Title
The multifaceted mismatch-repair system.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 7:335-46 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Li GM.
  Title
Mechanisms and functions of DNA mismatch repair.
  Journal
Cell Res 18:85-98 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Marti TM, Kunz C, Fleck O.
  Title
DNA mismatch repair and mutation avoidance pathways.
  Journal
J Cell Physiol 191:28-41 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Ikejima M, Shimada T.
  Title
[Molecular mechanism of mismatch repair] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 46:1124-9 (2001)
Reference
(Japanese )
  Authors
Hanaoka F.
  Title
[DNA Replication and Repair] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Yodosha (2004)
KO pathway
 

DBGET integrated database retrieval system