KEGG   DISEASE: Ovarian cancer
H00027                      Disease                                
Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death among women in developed countries. Approximately 90% of human ovarian cancer arises within the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), with the rest originating from granulosa cells or, rarely, stroma or germ cells. Ovarian epithelial tumors are divided into mucinous, serous, endometrioid, and clear cell subtypes. Approximately 10% of ovarian cancers arise in women who have inherited mutations in cancer susceptibility genes (BRCA1 or BRCA2). The vast majority of ovarian cancers are sporadic, resulting from the accumulation of genetic damage over a lifetime. Several specific genes involved in ovarian carcinogenesis have been identified, including the p53 tumor suppressor gene and ERBB2 and PIK3CA oncogenes.
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 02 Neoplasms
  Malignant neoplasms, except primary neoplasms of lymphoid, haematopoietic, central nervous system or related tissues
   Malignant neoplasms, stated or presumed to be primary, of specified sites, except of lymphoid, haematopoietic, central nervous system or related tissues
    Malignant neoplasms of female genital organs
     2C73  Malignant neoplasms of ovary
      H00027  Ovarian cancer
Tumor markers [br08442.html]
Cancer-associated carbohydrates [br08441.html]
hsa04151  PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
hsa04919  Thyroid hormone signaling pathway
BRCA1 (germline mutation / deletion) [HSA:672] [KO:K10605]
BRCA2 (germline mutation / deletion) [HSA:675] [KO:K08775]
MSH2 (germline mutation) [HSA:4436] [KO:K08735]
MLH1 (germline mutation) [HSA:4292] [KO:K08734]
ERBB2 (amplification / overexpression) [HSA:2064] [KO:K05083]
K-ras (mutation) [HSA:3845] [KO:K07827]
AKT2 (amplification) [HSA:208] [KO:K04456]
PIK3CA (amplification) [HSA:5290] [KO:K00922]
c-MYC (overexpression) [HSA:4609] [KO:K04377]
p53 (mutation / deletion, overexpression) [HSA:7157] [KO:K04451]
CTNNB1 [HSA:1499] [KO:K02105]
PRKN [HSA:5071] [KO:K04556]
OPCML [HSA:4978] [KO:K06773]
AKT1 [HSA:207] [KO:K04456]
CDH1 [HSA:999] [KO:K05689]
Cyclophosphamide [DR:D00287]
Melphalan [DR:D00369]
Thiotepa [DR:D00583]
Gemcitabine hydrochloride [DR:D01155]
Paclitaxel [DR:D00491]
Topotecan hydrochloride [DR:D02168]
Doxorubicin hydrochloride [DR:D01275]
Bevacizumab [DR:D06409]
Mirvetuximab soravtansine [DR:D10954] (folate receptor alpha positive)
Cisplatin [DR:D00275]
Carboplatin [DR:D01363]
Olaparib [DR:D09730] (HRD-positive)
Niraparib tosilate hydrate [DR:D11895] (BRCA-mutated)
Rucaparib camsylate [DR:D10982] (BRCA-mutated)
Altretamine [DR:D02841]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 2C73
ICD-10: C56
MeSH: D010051
OMIM: 167000
Shih IeM, Kurman RJ.
Ovarian tumorigenesis: a proposed model based on morphological and molecular genetic analysis.
Am J Pathol 164:1511-8 (2004)
Katabuchi H, Okamura H.
Cell biology of human ovarian surface epithelial cells and ovarian carcinogenesis.
Med Electron Microsc 36:74-86 (2003)
Wenham RM, Lancaster JM, Berchuck A.
Molecular aspects of ovarian cancer.
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 16:483-97 (2002)
Wright K, Wilson P, Morland S, Campbell I, Walsh M, Hurst T, Ward B, Cummings M, Chenevix-Trench G
beta-catenin mutation and expression analysis in ovarian cancer: exon 3 mutations and nuclear translocation in 16% of endometrioid tumours.
Denison SR, Wang F, Becker NA, Schule B, Kock N, Phillips LA, Klein C, Smith DI
Alterations in the common fragile site gene Parkin in ovarian and other cancers.
Oncogene 22:8370-8 (2003)
McKie AB, Vaughan S, Zanini E, Okon IS, Louis L, de Sousa C, Greene MI, Wang Q, Agarwal R, Shaposhnikov D, Wong JL, Gungor H, Janczar S, El-Bahrawy M, Lam EW, Chayen NE, Gabra H
The OPCML tumor suppressor functions as a cell surface repressor-adaptor, negatively regulating receptor tyrosine kinases in epithelial ovarian cancer.
Cancer Discov 2:156-71 (2012)
Carpten JD, Faber AL, Horn C, Donoho GP, Briggs SL, Robbins CM, Hostetter G, Boguslawski S, Moses TY, Savage S, Uhlik M, Lin A, Du J, Qian YW, Zeckner DJ, Tucker-Kellogg G, Touchman J, Patel K, Mousses S, Bittner M, Schevitz R, Lai MH, Blanchard KL, Thomas JE
A transforming mutation in the pleckstrin homology domain of AKT1 in cancer.
Nature 448:439-44 (2007)
Blechschmidt K, Sassen S, Schmalfeldt B, Schuster T, Hofler H, Becker KF
The E-cadherin repressor Snail is associated with lower overall survival of ovarian cancer patients.
Br J Cancer 98:489-95 (2008)

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