EC                Enzyme                                 

NADP-retinol dehydrogenase;
all-trans retinal reductase (ambiguous);
all-trans-retinol dehydrogenase;
NADP(H)-dependent retinol dehydrogenase/reductase;
retinol dehydrogenase 12;
retinol dehydrogenase 14;
retinol dehydrogenase [NADP+];
Acting on the CH-OH group of donors;
With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
BRITE hierarchy
retinol:NADP+ oxidoreductase
retinol + NADP+ = retinal + NADPH + H+ [RN:R08379]
retinol [CPD:C00473];
NADP+ [CPD:C00006]
retinal [CPD:C00376];
NADPH [CPD:C00005];
H+ [CPD:C00080]
Greater catalytic efficiency in the reductive direction. This observation, and the enzyme's localization at the entrance to the mitochondrial matrix, suggest that it may function to protect mitochondria against oxidative stress associated with the highly reactive retinal produced from dietary beta-carotene by EC (beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase) [2]. Km-values for NADP+ and NADPH are at least 800-fold lower than those for NAD+ and NADH [1,4]. This enzyme differs from EC, retinol dehydrogenase, which prefers NAD+ and NADH.
EC created 2009
K11146  short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase 3
K11152  retinol dehydrogenase 11
K11153  retinol dehydrogenase 12
K11161  retinol dehydrogenase 13
HSA: 112724(RDH13) 145226(RDH12) 51109(RDH11) 9249(DHRS3)
PTR: 100615509(RDH12) 452986(RDH11) 456293(RDH13) 737006(DHRS3)
PPS: 100971367(DHRS3) 100975938(RDH11) 100976717(RDH12) 100995016(RDH13)
GGO: 101132424(RDH13) 101133959(RDH12) 101134301(RDH11) 101136764(DHRS3)
PON: 100173396(RDH11) 100443109(RDH13) 100444779(RDH12) 100446028(DHRS3)
NLE: 100590397(RDH11) 100592081(RDH12) 100595824(RDH13) 100599507(DHRS3)
MCC: 711195(RDH11) 711438(RDH12) 715548(DHRS3) 722798(RDH13)
MCF: 101865597(RDH12) 101866088(RDH11) 102118061(RDH13) 102142015(DHRS3)
CSAB: 103225584(DHRS3) 103229214(RDH11) 103229215(RDH12) 103235287(RDH13)
RRO: 104664937(RDH12) 104664944(RDH11) 104668927(DHRS3) 104674753(RDH13)
RBB: 108533721(RDH11) 108533722(RDH12) 108539385(DHRS3) 108542524(RDH13) 108542526
CJC: 100386416(DHRS3) 100403102(RDH12) 100406713(RDH13) 103787305(RDH11)
SBQ: 101033448(RDH12) 101039627(DHRS3) 101045253(RDH13) 104649866(RDH11)
MMU: 108841(Rdh13) 17252(Rdh11) 20148(Dhrs3) 77974(Rdh12)
RNO: 313689(Dhrs3) 314264(Rdh12) 361504(Rdh13) 362757(Rdh11)
CGE: 100756186(Dhrs3) 100759393(Rdh13) 100759583(Rdh12) 100759877(Rdh11)
NGI: 103744827(Rdh13) 103747479(Dhrs3) 103749297(Rdh11) 103749298(Rdh12)
HGL: 101707915(Dhrs3) 101715642(Rdh12) 101716026(Rdh13) 101716314(Rdh11)
CCAN: 109683963(Dhrs3) 109694521(Rdh11) 109694522(Rdh12) 109696274(Rdh13)
OCU: 100337836(RDH12) 100344639(RDH13) 100348969 100353716(RDH11) 103352513(DHRS3)
TUP: 102494216(RDH13) 102498009(RDH11) 102498963(RDH12) 102502620(DHRS3) 106735058
CFA: 480366(RDH11) 487436(DHRS3) 490744(RDH12) 611373(RDH13)
AML: 100468936(RDH12) 100469186(RDH11) 100470711(RDH13) 100481198(DHRS3)
UMR: 103666638(DHRS3) 103671847(RDH12) 103671858(RDH11) 103680271(RDH13)
ORO: 101365883(RDH11) 101366366(RDH12) 101370738(DHRS3) 101383491(RDH13)
FCA: 101080307(DHRS3) 101093062(RDH13) 101093193(RDH11) 101093615(RDH12)
PTG: 102958225(RDH12) 102958792(RDH11) 102961855(RDH13) 102970609(DHRS3)
AJU: 106971557(RDH11) 106971559(RDH12) 106980937(RDH13) 106988168(DHRS3)
BTA: 281482(DHRS3) 369021(RDH12) 505995(RDH11) 508082(RDH13)
BOM: 102265772(DHRS3) 102270792(RDH13) 102270801(RDH11) 102271090(RDH12)
BIU: 109564569(RDH12) 109565274(RDH11) 109570447(DHRS3) 109572930(RDH13)
PHD: 102321429(RDH12) 102322389(RDH11) 102323197(DHRS3) 102329922(RDH13)
CHX: 102171883(RDH11) 102173010(RDH12) 102179583(DHRS3) 102181531(RDH13)
OAS: 101109288(DHRS3) 101115127(RDH11) 101115797(RDH12) 101122882(RDH13)
SSC: 100153020(RDH12) 100154684(RDH11) 100514967(DHRS3) 110261049(RDH13)
CFR: 102511414(RDH13) 102516964(RDH12) 102517215(RDH11) 102524578(DHRS3)
CDK: 105086164(RDH12) 105086165(RDH11) 105098733(RDH13) 105107044(DHRS3)
BACU: 103008561(RDH11) 103009435(RDH12) 103011644(RDH13) 103018059(DHRS3)
LVE: 103082238(DHRS3) 103085939(RDH13) 103090972(RDH12) 103091250(RDH11)
OOR: 101277554(RDH13) 101283025(RDH11) 101283442(RDH12) 101290385(DHRS3)
ECB: 100055280(RDH13) 100055537(DHRS3) 100063295(RDH11) 100063369(RDH12)
EPZ: 103541138(RDH11) 103541139(RDH12) 103552172(DHRS3) 103554723(RDH13)
EAI: 106836659(DHRS3) 106840917(RDH13) 106844772(RDH12) 106844775
MYB: 102246028(RDH13) 102248154(DHRS3) 102260151(RDH11) 102260844(RDH12)
MYD: 102756510(RDH13) 102762827(DHRS3) 102764631(RDH12) 102765110(RDH11)
HAI: 109373731(RDH13) 109381266(DHRS3) 109382035(RDH11) 109382038(RDH12)
RSS: 109434208(RDH13) 109448201(RDH12) 109448378(RDH11) 109460692(DHRS3)
PALE: 102880345(DHRS3) 102886009(RDH11) 102886424(RDH12) 102890503(RDH13)
LAV: 100656973(DHRS3) 100659620(RDH12) 100664643(RDH11) 100668990(RDH13)
MDO: 100010099(DHRS3) 100028370(RDH11) 100028379(RDH12)
SHR: 100913855(DHRS3) 100923639(RDH11) 100923904 100931844(RDH13)
GGA: 419480(DHRS3) 423274(RDH12)
MGP: 100540846 100541886(DHRS3)
CJO: 107314931(RDH12) 107323359(DHRS3)
APLA: 101792259(DHRS3) 101793409(RDH12)
ACYG: 106031772 106040190(DHRS3)
TGU: 100221618(DHRS3) 100226769(RDH12)
GFR: 102032402(DHRS3) 102032925(RDH12)
FAB: 101814379(DHRS3) 101816060(RDH12)
PHI: 102106104(RDH12) 102110985(DHRS3)
PMAJ: 107205238 107213682(DHRS3)
CCW: 104688342 104693251(DHRS3)
FPG: 101916630(RDH12) 101921484(DHRS3)
FCH: 102055890(RDH12) 102058887(DHRS3)
EGZ: 104122065 104133092(DHRS3)
AAM: 106482457(DHRS3) 106483104(RDH12)
ASN: 102370531(DHRS3) 102373718(RDH12)
AMJ: 102567292(RDH12) 102574201(DHRS3)
PSS: 102445977(DHRS3) 102446647(RDH12)
CMY: 102934533(RDH12) 102944040(DHRS3)
CPIC: 101941293(DHRS3) 101950060(RDH12)
GJA: 107112214(RDH12) 107124081(DHRS3)
XLA: 108697667 444106(rdh13.L) 444269(dhrs3.L)
XTR: 493258(dhrs3) 496409(rdh13)
NPR: 108783931(DHRS3) 108788946(RDH13)
DRE: 436597(rdh12) 450050(dhrs3b)
LCM: 102347732(RDH13) 102353614(RDH12) 102354914 102361459(DHRS3)
CMK: 103175207(rdh12) 103179224(rdh13) 103187903
BIM: 100745829
BTER: 100650146
AEC: 105144537
ACEP: 105618447
HST: 105188653
CFO: 105255509
PGC: 109857489
PRAP: 110999155
API: 100166388
EPA: 110235696
ADF: 107332470
CRB: 17895493
THJ: 104823251
CPAP: 110820086
CIT: 102619498
TCC: 18597799
DZI: 111287346
EGR: 104442518
GMX: 100794347
VRA: 106757059
CAM: 101509179
AIP: 107632047
LJA: Lj5g3v0614340.2(Lj5g3v0614340.2)
PAVI: 110762504
MDM: 103427570
PXB: 103931084
ZJU: 107431100
CMAX: 111482112
CMOS: 111442120
CPEP: 111791471
RCU: 8269384
JCU: 105636270
JRE: 109006782
VVI: 100261623
SOT: 102583799
CANN: 107842976
NTO: 104115366
LSV: 111911734
DCR: 108215406
BVG: 104892580
BDI: 100836169
SITA: 101770964
MUS: 103991720
AOF: 109826635
ATR: 110006661
APRO: F751_1025
FLM: MY04_4115
 » show all
1  [PMID:15865448]
Belyaeva OV, Korkina OV, Stetsenko AV, Kim T, Nelson PS, Kedishvili NY
Biochemical properties of purified human retinol dehydrogenase 12 (RDH12): catalytic efficiency toward retinoids and C9 aldehydes and effects of cellular retinol-binding protein type I (CRBPI) and cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein (CRALBP) on the oxidation and reduction of retinoids.
Biochemistry 44:7035-47 (2005)
2  [PMID:18039331]
Belyaeva OV, Korkina OV, Stetsenko AV, Kedishvili NY
Human retinol dehydrogenase 13 (RDH13) is a mitochondrial short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase with a retinaldehyde reductase activity.
FEBS J 275:138-47 (2008)
3  [PMID:9705317]
Haeseleer F, Huang J, Lebioda L, Saari JC, Palczewski K
Molecular characterization of a novel short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase that reduces all-trans-retinal.
J Biol Chem 273:21790-9 (1998)
[hsa:9249] [mmu:20148] [bta:281482]
4  [PMID:12036956]
Kedishvili NY, Chumakova OV, Chetyrkin SV, Belyaeva OV, Lapshina EA, Lin DW, Matsumura M, Nelson PS
Evidence that the human gene for prostate short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (PSDR1) encodes a novel retinal reductase (RalR1).
J Biol Chem 277:28909-15 (2002)
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database:
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature:
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database:
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database:

DBGET integrated database retrieval system