KEGG   ENZYME: 1.14.99.1Help
Entry
EC 1.14.99.1                Enzyme                                 

Name
prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase;
prostaglandin synthase;
prostaglandin G/H synthase;
(PG)H synthase;
PG synthetase;
prostaglandin synthetase;
fatty acid cyclooxygenase;
prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen;
Miscellaneous
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoate,hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
arachidonate + reduced acceptor + 2 O2 = prostaglandin H2 + acceptor + H2O [RN:R01599]
Reaction(KEGG)
R01599;
(other) R00073 R01590
Show
Substrate
arachidonate [CPD:C00219];
reduced acceptor [CPD:C00030];
O2 [CPD:C00007]
Product
prostaglandin H2 [CPD:C00427];
acceptor [CPD:C00028];
H2O [CPD:C00001]
Comment
This enzyme acts both as a dioxygenase and as a peroxidase.
History
EC 1.14.99.1 created 1972, modified 1990
Pathway
ec00590  Arachidonic acid metabolism
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
Orthology
K00509  prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1
K11987  prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2
Genes
HSA: 5742(PTGS1) 5743(PTGS2)
PTR: 464713(PTGS1) 469616(PTGS2)
PPS: 100985650(PTGS2) 100993705(PTGS1)
GGO: 101141060(PTGS1) 101146681(PTGS2)
PON: 100436566(PTGS2) 100437175(PTGS1)
NLE: 100585600(PTGS1) 100591090(PTGS2)
MCC: 698213(PTGS1) 716671(PTGS2)
MCF: 102143028(PTGS2) 102144094(PTGS1)
CSAB: 103218890(PTGS1) 103230420(PTGS2)
RRO: 104655861(PTGS1) 104664377(PTGS2)
RBB: 108523178(PTGS2) 108537103(PTGS1)
CJC: 100393715(PTGS1) 100407639(PTGS2)
SBQ: 101027603(PTGS2) 101033759(PTGS1)
MMU: 19224(Ptgs1) 19225(Ptgs2)
RNO: 24693(Ptgs1) 29527(Ptgs2)
CGE: 100751220(Ptgs2) 100770867(Ptgs1)
NGI: 103726651(Ptgs2) 103734478(Ptgs1)
HGL: 101698854(Ptgs1) 101704771(Ptgs2)
CCAN: 109685138(Ptgs2) 109692474(Ptgs1)
OCU: 100009248(PTGS2) 100009407(PTGS1)
TUP: 102478264(PTGS2) 102497535(PTGS1)
CFA: 403544(PTGS1) 442942(PTGS2)
AML: 100481235(PTGS1) 100481615(PTGS2)
UMR: 103668648(PTGS2) 103670355(PTGS1)
ORO: 101370362(PTGS1) 101375484(PTGS2)
FCA: 100126581(PTGS2) 101092557(PTGS1)
PTG: 102948685(PTGS2) 102964670(PTGS1)
AJU: 106967086(PTGS2) 106986637(PTGS1)
BTA: 282022(PTGS1) 282023(PTGS2)
BOM: 102271174(PTGS2) 102287995(PTGS1)
BIU: 109566428(PTGS1) 109570734(PTGS2)
PHD: 102319508(PTGS1) 102326874(PTGS2)
CHX: 100860905(PTGS2) 102170328(PTGS1)
OAS: 443460(PTGS2) 443551(PTGS1)
SSC: 397541(PTGS1) 397590(PTGS2)
CFR: 102507716(PTGS1) 102509586(PTGS2)
CDK: 105099289(PTGS2) 105104317(PTGS1)
BACU: 102999195(PTGS2) 103003952(PTGS1)
LVE: 103070077(PTGS1) 103088613(PTGS2)
OOR: 101270299(PTGS2) 101274585(PTGS1)
ECB: 100034087(PTGS1) 791253(PTGS2)
EPZ: 103547078(PTGS2) 103555394(PTGS1)
EAI: 106842002(PTGS1) 106846783(PTGS2)
MYB: 102259554(PTGS1) 102259598(PTGS2)
MYD: 102755037(PTGS1) 102774808(PTGS2)
HAI: 109374968(PTGS1) 109379092(PTGS2)
RSS: 109447178(PTGS1) 109450625(PTGS2)
PALE: 102886561(PTGS2) 102889003(PTGS1)
LAV: 100653633(PTGS1) 100666359(PTGS2)
MDO: 100016853 100024802(PTGS2)
SHR: 100914094 100926756(PTGS2)
OAA: 100081492(PTGS1) 100086096(PTGS2)
GGA: 396451(PTGS2) 427752(PTGS1)
MGP: 100549847(PTGS1) 100550092(PTGS2)
CJO: 107317330(PTGS2) 107321839(PTGS1)
APLA: 101790135(PTGS2) 101798526(PTGS1)
ACYG: 106034056(PTGS2) 106040639(PTGS1)
TGU: 100221909(PTGS2) 100226968(PTGS1)
GFR: 102035566(PTGS1) 102045242(PTGS2)
FAB: 101806256(PTGS1) 101816125(PTGS2)
PHI: 102105209(PTGS2) 102109794(PTGS1)
PMAJ: 107208209(PTGS2) 107211923(PTGS1)
CCAE: 111932522(PTGS2) 111937099(PTGS1)
CCW: 104688375(PTGS1) 104693603(PTGS2)
FPG: 101918755(PTGS2) 101919862(PTGS1)
FCH: 102046609(PTGS1) 102050356(PTGS2)
CLV: 102088222(PTGS1) 102088650(PTGS2)
EGZ: 104124553(PTGS2) 104135209(PTGS1)
ASN: 102369126(PTGS2) 102386481(PTGS1)
AMJ: 102567925(PTGS1) 106736995(PTGS2)
PSS: 102456040(PTGS1) 102459102(PTGS2)
CMY: 102933336(PTGS1) 102934690(PTGS2)
CPIC: 101941281(PTGS2) 101945575(PTGS1)
ACS: 100558584(ptgs1) 100560130(ptgs2)
PVT: 110078807(PTGS1) 110079773(PTGS2)
PBI: 103060436(PTGS1) 103063043(PTGS2)
GJA: 107116524(PTGS1) 107121970(PTGS2)
XLA: 100037245(ptgs1.S) 108714508 446781(ptgs2.S)
XTR: 100493073(ptgs1) 595089(ptgs2)
NPR: 108798706(PTGS2) 108805018(PTGS1)
DRE: 246226(ptgs1) 246227(ptgs2a) 559020(ptgs2b)
LCM: 102352257(PTGS2) 102361862(PTGS1)
CMK: 103179983(ptgs2) 103184666(ptgs1)
MYI: 110451344
EPA: 110246707
NCR: NCU05858
MGR: MGG_10859
NEU: NE1240(Ptgs1)
MET: M446_1624
MNO: Mnod_6498
RDE: RD1_1072
MVA: Mvan_3099
SRO: Sros_8745
GOB: Gobs_1219
 » show all
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:3125548]
  Authors
DeWitt DL, Smith WL.
  Title
Primary structure of prostaglandin G/H synthase from sheep vesicular gland determined from the complementary DNA sequence.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 85:1412-6 (1988)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.85.5.1412
  Sequence
[oas:443551]
Reference
2  [PMID:104998]
  Authors
Ohki S, Ogino N, Yamamoto S, Hayaishi O.
  Title
Prostaglandin hydroperoxidase, an integral part of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase from bovine vesicular gland microsomes.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 254:829-36 (1979)
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.14.99.1
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.14.99.1
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.14.99.1
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.14.99.1
CAS: 39391-18-9

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