KEGG   PATHWAY: mmu04370
mmu04370                    Pathway                                

VEGF signaling pathway - Mus musculus (mouse)
There is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis. The binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to a cascade of different signaling pathways, resulting in the up-regulation of genes involved in mediating the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells and promoting their survival and vascular permeability. For example, the binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to dimerization of the receptor, followed by intracellular activation of the PLCgamma;PKC-Raf kinase-MEK-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and subsequent initiation of DNA synthesis and cell growth, whereas activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway leads to increased endothelial-cell survival. Activation of PI3K, FAK, and p38 MAPK is implicated in cell migration signaling.
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
Pathway map
mmu04370  VEGF signaling pathway

Other DBs
GO: 0048010
Mus musculus (mouse) [GN:mmu]
22339  Vegfa; vascular endothelial growth factor A [KO:K05448]
16542  Kdr; kinase insert domain protein receptor [KO:K05098] [EC:]
27371  Sh2d2a; SH2 domain containing 2A [KO:K08273]
18803  Plcg1; phospholipase C, gamma 1 [KO:K01116] [EC:]
234779  Plcg2; phospholipase C, gamma 2 [KO:K05859] [EC:]
18750  Prkca; protein kinase C, alpha [KO:K02677] [EC:]
18751  Prkcb; protein kinase C, beta [KO:K19662] [EC:]
18752  Prkcg; protein kinase C, gamma [KO:K19663] [EC:]
56632  Sphk2; sphingosine kinase 2 [KO:K04718] [EC:]
20698  Sphk1; sphingosine kinase 1 [KO:K04718] [EC:]
15461  Hras; Harvey rat sarcoma virus oncogene [KO:K02833]
16653  Kras; Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog [KO:K07827]
18176  Nras; neuroblastoma ras oncogene [KO:K07828]
110157  Raf1; v-raf-leukemia viral oncogene 1 [KO:K04366] [EC:]
26395  Map2k1; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 [KO:K04368] [EC:]
26396  Map2k2; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 [KO:K04369] [EC:]
26413  Mapk1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 [KO:K04371] [EC:]
26417  Mapk3; mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 [KO:K04371] [EC:]
329502  Pla2g4e; phospholipase A2, group IVE [KO:K16342] [EC:]
18783  Pla2g4a; phospholipase A2, group IVA (cytosolic, calcium-dependent) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
211429  Pla2g4b; phospholipase A2, group IVB (cytosolic) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
232889  Pla2g4c; phospholipase A2, group IVC (cytosolic, calcium-independent) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
78390  Pla2g4d; phospholipase A2, group IVD [KO:K16342] [EC:]
271844  Pla2g4f; phospholipase A2, group IVF [KO:K16342] [EC:]
19057  Ppp3cc; protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, gamma isoform [KO:K04348] [EC:]
19055  Ppp3ca; protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, alpha isoform [KO:K04348] [EC:]
19056  Ppp3cb; protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit, beta isoform [KO:K04348] [EC:]
19058  Ppp3r1; protein phosphatase 3, regulatory subunit B, alpha isoform (calcineurin B, type I) [KO:K06268]
19059  Ppp3r2; protein phosphatase 3, regulatory subunit B, alpha isoform (calcineurin B, type II) [KO:K06268]
18019  Nfatc2; nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin dependent 2 [KO:K17332]
19225  Ptgs2; prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 [KO:K11987] [EC:]
14083  Ptk2; PTK2 protein tyrosine kinase 2 [KO:K05725] [EC:]
216148  Shc2; SHC (Src homology 2 domain containing) transforming protein 2 [KO:K17447]
19303  Pxn; paxillin [KO:K05760]
12540  Cdc42; cell division cycle 42 [KO:K04393]
26416  Mapk14; mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
19094  Mapk11; mitogen-activated protein kinase 11 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
29857  Mapk12; mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
26415  Mapk13; mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
17164  Mapkapk2; MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 2 [KO:K04443] [EC:]
102626  Mapkapk3; mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 3 [KO:K04444] [EC:]
15507  Hspb1; heat shock protein 1 [KO:K04455]
20779  Src; Rous sarcoma oncogene [KO:K05704] [EC:]
18706  Pik3ca; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha [KO:K00922] [EC:]
18707  Pik3cd; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta [KO:K00922] [EC:]
74769  Pik3cb; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta [KO:K00922] [EC:]
18709  Pik3r2; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 2 [KO:K02649]
18708  Pik3r1; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 [KO:K02649]
18710  Pik3r3; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 3 [KO:K02649]
19353  Rac1; Rac family small GTPase 1 [KO:K04392]
19354  Rac2; Rac family small GTPase 2 [KO:K07860]
170758  Rac3; Rac family small GTPase 3 [KO:K07861]
11651  Akt1; thymoma viral proto-oncogene 1 [KO:K04456] [EC:]
11652  Akt2; thymoma viral proto-oncogene 2 [KO:K04456] [EC:]
23797  Akt3; thymoma viral proto-oncogene 3 [KO:K04456] [EC:]
18127  Nos3; nitric oxide synthase 3, endothelial cell [KO:K13242] [EC:]
12371  Casp9; caspase 9 [KO:K04399] [EC:]
12015  Bad; BCL2-associated agonist of cell death [KO:K02158]
C00076  Calcium cation
C00165  Diacylglycerol
C00533  Nitric oxide
C01245  D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
C01312  Prostaglandin I2
C05981  Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate
Cross MJ, Dixelius J, Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
VEGF-receptor signal transduction.
Trends Biochem Sci 28:488-94 (2003)
Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
VEGF receptor signal transduction.
Sci STKE 2001:RE21 (2001)
Hoeben A, Landuyt B, Highley MS, Wildiers H, Van Oosterom AT, De Bruijn EA.
Vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis.
Pharmacol Rev 56:549-80 (2004)
Takahashi H, Shibuya M.
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor system and its role under physiological and pathological conditions.
Clin Sci (Lond) 109:227-41 (2005)
Zachary I.
VEGF signalling: integration and multi-tasking in endothelial cell biology.
Biochem Soc Trans 31:1171-7 (2003)
Munoz-Chapuli R, Quesada AR, Angel Medina M.
Angiogenesis and signal transduction in endothelial cells.
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:2224-43 (2004)
Lamalice L, Houle F, Jourdan G, Huot J.
Phosphorylation of tyrosine 1214 on VEGFR2 is required for VEGF-induced activation of Cdc42 upstream of SAPK2/p38.
Oncogene 23:434-45 (2004)
Shu X, Wu W, Mosteller RD, Broek D.
Sphingosine kinase mediates vascular endothelial growth factor-induced activation of ras and mitogen-activated protein kinases.
Mol Cell Biol 22:7758-68 (2002)
mmu00590  Arachidonic acid metabolism
mmu04010  MAPK signaling pathway
mmu04020  Calcium signaling pathway
mmu04151  PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
mmu04510  Focal adhesion
KO pathway

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